The names we use for describing marijuana such as “indica” and “sativa” were introduced in the 18th century to describe different species of cannabis: Marijuana sativa and Weed indica.
The term sativa, named by Carl Linneaus, described hemp ferns noticed in Europe and western Eurasia, where it was cultivated for its fiber and seeds. Pot indica, named by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, describes the psychoactive varieties discovered in India, where it was harvested for its seeds, fiber, and hashish production. Here’s how terms have shifted since their earliest botanical definitions:
In recent times, sativa marijauna” refers to tall, narrow-leaf varieties of marijuana, thought to induce energizing effects. But, these narrow-leaf drug (NLD) varieties were originally Weed indica ssp. Indica.
Indica marijuana has come to describe stout, broad-leaf ferns, thought to deliver sedating effects. These broad-leaf drug (BLD) varieties tend to be technically Marijuana indica ssp. Afghanica.
What we call “hemp” refers to the industrial, non-intoxicating varieties harvested primarily for fiber, seeds, and CBD. But, this was originally named Pot sativa.
Confused? We can understand. As you could visualize, with the mass commercialization of pot, the taxonomic distinctions between marijuana species and subspecies got turned on its head and calcified. It seems the contemporary use of indica and sativa marijuana identifier is here to stay, although as an informed marijuana user, it’s key to understand the practical value of those categories — which brings us to the statistics.
This labeling system we use to determine marijuana effects is no doubt convenient, especially any time while first entering the vast, overpowering world of pot. With hundreds of unique strains and products to pick from, where else would we start?
Indica Marijuana Explained
In general, Indica marijuana plants grow low to the ground in a bushy manner, with large leaves branching out. Indica strains of marijuana are often preferred by growers, because of their faster growth and larger produce than sativa strains. There are a number of benefits to consuming marijuana inica-dominant marijuana strain.
Why choose Indica Marijuana Strains:
- Improved mental relaxation
- Muscle relaxation
- Reduces nausea
- Reduces chronic / acute pain
- Improves appetite
- Improves dopamine
- Primarily for use at night-time
To learn more, visit the library of known indica marijuana strains, including their effects and flavors, as well as how they have been bred.
Sativa Marijuana Explained
Sativa dominant marijuana plants are often considered polar opposites of the Indica marijuana strains, and tend to grow much larger than indicas. You can sually identify a sativa marijuana plant by it’s large but thin leaves, much more narrow than indica leaves. Sativa strains take longer to harvest than Indica, typically taking 12+ weeks, versus Indica’s 9+ week flowering period. Because of where Sativa plants originate, they often require much more light than their indica counterparts.
Why choose Sativa Marijuana Strains
- Reduces Anxiety
- Acts as an anti-depressant
- Reduces and treats chronic pain
- Improves focus and encourages creativity
- Promotes serotonin
- Recommended for day time use
Check out a library of known sativa marijuana strains including their medicinal properties and taste profiles. Or, if you are still curious to learn more about the minor differences, check out the info-graphic found below: