Cannabis Info Point https://cannabisinfo.it/?lang=en Cannabis Info Point news on cannabis, legalization, therapeutic cannabis, lifestyle, books, videos, curiosities and more. Fri, 12 Jul 2019 13:18:29 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.2.2 https://cannabisinfo.it/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/cropped-mary-150x150.jpg Cannabis Info Point https://cannabisinfo.it/?lang=en 32 32 138412638 CBD for Pets Yes the Data says it works ! https://cannabisinfo.it/cbd-for-pets-yes-the-data-says-it-works/?lang=en https://cannabisinfo.it/cbd-for-pets-yes-the-data-says-it-works/?lang=en#respond Fri, 12 Jul 2019 09:59:45 +0000 https://cannabisinfo.it/?p=8687 CBD for Pets Yes the Data says it works !CBD for Pets Yes the Data says it works !

When your pet gets sick, you give up everything and try to find them the best possible or treatment available. Right? You diligently bring your dog to the Vet, pay the egregious bill, and do whatever the Vet says……

I do the exact same thing.

A friend of mine had a beautiful Black Lab. When she was diagnosed with cancer and hip dysplasia a few years ago, it wasn’t long before he was frustrated with the lack of solutions for his “best 4-legged friend”. Then he found CBD and began using it with his dog, to help address the symptoms, with amazing results.

These are the 7 main for pets. Before We Start: Lets briefly review CBD. If you are a regular follower of my blog, just skip over this section.

What Is CBD?

CBD, or Cannabidiol, is a compound found in cannabis. One of an estimated 100 Cannabidiols found in the plant.

CBD will NOT GET YOUR PET HIGH — Unlike THC, the more well known, “psychoactive compound in ”, CBD, typically sourced from Hemp, is non psychoactive and safe to be used on pets. The product has to be 3/10 of 1% or less THC to be called CBD (in most states). CBD also has no known toxicity level, and research clearly suggests “is virtually incapable of causing an overdose”.

How Does CBD Interact With the Body?

CBD interacts with the body via the , or ECS.

While I have gone into great detail on previous posts, and on my show NYCBD with Jeffrey Hill (on 710 WOR radio in NYC at 8AM every Sunday. Also available on Iheart Radio, and Itunes as a podcast, and available on Instagram — @NYCBDOFFICIAL. Below are some basics on how this system works.

The ECS is a biological system found in humans and dogs and cats. It is involved in managing a wide variety of biological processes, including memory, sleep, immune response, and more.

It mainly consists of two types of cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2). These receptors are built to interact with endocannabinoids ( naturally produced by ). However, they can also interact with plant-derived cannabinoids like CBD,which in turn cause a variety of responses throughout the body.

When it comes to CBD, many of these responses are very beneficial.

The endocannabinoid system is essentially the system that processes cannabinoids introduced into the body. The effects of CBD are similar in humans, dogs, cats, and other pets. This is because, just like humans, dogs and cats also have an endocannabinoid system that functions much in the same way as the human ECS.

Plus, many of the conditions we’ll list below (like anxiety, arthritis, , and convulsions) manifest much in the same way in pets as they do in humans.

Lets review some data

1. CBD is a Powerful Painkiller

In 1997, a study published in the European Journal of Pharmacology showed that the endocannabinoid system was deeply involved in managing pain. Today, CBD has become renowned for its painkilling properties.

First, of all, studies have shown that CBD can temporarily stop the absorption of anandamide, a chemical that helps dampen pain signals in the .

This temporary increase in anandamide can have various effects, one of them being reduced pain sensations. Secondly, CBD has been shown to be a powerful anti inflammatory.

By reducing the inflammation caused by conditions such as arthritis, for example, CBD is also able to reduce the painful symptoms caused by the condition.

2. CBD is a Known Anticonvulsant

Perhaps one of the best-known medicinal uses for CBD is its ability to help controls seizures, tremors, tics, and spasms. That’s because CBD is a natural anticonvulsant.

News of CBD’s natural anticonvulsant properties first broke in 2013 with the story of Charlotte Figi. of Charlotte’s Web and CW Hemp.

Since then, numerous studies have provided lots of clinical data that CBD can help manage a wide variety of tremors, spasms, and tics.

Other data, have also shown that both CBD and THC can help manage spasticity caused by Multiple Sclerosis, and research also suggests that CBD can help manage the tics and tremors caused by Tourette’s syndrome.

3. CBD is Anti-Inflammatory

As I mentioned earlier, CBD is renowned as an anti-inflammatory

CBD’s anti inflammatory effects are believed to be linked to its ability to interact with receptors in immune cells. CBD interacts with CB2 receptors, which are generally located inside immune cells. By activating these receptors, CBD is able to create a wide variety of immune responses.

One of these responses is to fight inflammation. Conditions like arthritis, MS, irritable bowel disease, and many others, are characterized by chronic inflammation. In some cases, this inflammation can be caused by a malfunctioning of the immune system, causing it to attack healthy cells.

By helping lower inflammation, CBD can help reduce pain and other symptoms of conditions like IBD, arthritis, and more.

4. CBD Reduces Anxiety and Stress

In fact, many studies have shown that CBD can help manage the symptoms of a variety of mental conditions, including anxiety. Much like humans, pets can also suffer from anxiety, stress or even specific phobias.

Several months ago, there was a thunder and lightning storm and my dog, Jing, went under the bed for safety as fast as she could….She stayed there shaking for an hour.

While the exact source of anxiety may differ in pets, it can cause stress and specific physical reactions just like in humans. Some common forms of anxiety affecting dogs include separation anxiety, noise anxiety, travel anxiety, and even specific phobias.

Some common symptoms of anxiety in dogs include:

  • Persistent barking
  • Chewing (furniture, shoes, rubbish, etc)
  • Urinating and defecating (usually inside the house or crate)
  • Aggression
  • Tremors

CBD has been shown to help reduce feelings of anxiety and thereby reduce these symptoms. Since the storm several months ago whenever Alexa tells me a storm is coming, I put a few drops of full spectrum CBD in Jing’s food with excellent results..She typically sleeps right through the storm, and NO SHAKING.

How it does so, however, isn’t completely clear. Typical anxiety medications tend to target a type of seratonin receptor in the body known as 5-HT1A.

By targetting these receptors, anti anxiety medications can help temporarily boost seratonin levels in the brain. This can then lead to improvements in mood and help temporarily reduce feelings of anxiety or fear.

5. CBD is an Antiemetic

Nausea and vomiting are really common symptoms.

Both in humans and dogs, nausea and vomiting are serious symptoms, often leading to a decreased appetite, rapid weight loss, dehydration, fatigue, and more.

There are plenty of antiemetic medications on the market, and some of the most common given to dogs and cats include acepromazine, chlorpromazine, aminopentamide, and more.

These drugs, while often effective in controlling nausea and vomiting, can cause a wide variety of side effects, including:

  • Hypotension
  • Strong sedation
  • Lowered seizure thresholds for animals with epilepsy
  • Excessive drooling

There is a strong body of evidence that shows that CBD is a successful antiemetic, controlling both nausea and vomiting while also stimulating appetite.

6. CBD May Slow Tumor Growth

Cancer and malicious tumors are common in pets and, in many cases, prove to be fatal. Until now, there is no known cure for cancer, and treatment usually focuses on slowing the growth of a tumor while reducing pain and other symptoms.

The most common treatment for cancer and tumors in pets is chemotherapy.

Unfortunately, like with humans, chemotherapy can produce a wide variety of side effects. However, new research shows that cannabinoids like CBD can have unique anticancer effects, too. In fact, a growing body of research is beginning to explore just how cannabinoids can help slow the growth and spread of cancer and even reduce the size of tumors.

For example, a a 2011 study conducted at the Beth Israel Deaconess in Boston showed that CBD can cause programmed cell death and hence inhibit the growth of breast cancer.

Research from Complutense University, Madrid, has also shown that CBD and other cannabinoids can enhance the effect of traditional chemotherapy. Researchers suggest it does so by increasing the rate by which cancer cells absorb chemotherapy agents, while simultaneously protecting healthy cells.

7. CBD Promotes Homeostasis

Homeostasis can best be described as the proper functioning of the body. It occurs when our bodies are in balance, and ensures all our biological systems function to the best of their ability. However, sometimes this balance gets out of line, and that’s when disease and illness strike.

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Indica or Sativa Marijuana – Explained https://cannabisinfo.it/indica-or-sativa-marijuana-explained/?lang=en https://cannabisinfo.it/indica-or-sativa-marijuana-explained/?lang=en#respond Thu, 11 Jul 2019 14:10:08 +0000 https://cannabisinfo.it/?p=8673 Indica or Sativa MarijuanaIndica or Sativa – Explained

The names we use for describing marijuana such as “indica” and “sativa” were introduced in the 18th century to describe different species of cannabis: Marijuana sativa and indica.

The term sativa, named by Carl Linneaus, described hemp ferns noticed in Europe and western Eurasia, where it was cultivated for its fiber and seeds. Pot indica, named by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, describes the psychoactive varieties discovered in , where it was harvested for its seeds, fiber, and hashish . Here’s how terms have shifted since their earliest botanical definitions:

In recent times, sativa marijauna” refers to tall, narrow-leaf varieties of marijuana, thought to induce energizing effects. But, these narrow-leaf (NLD) varieties were originally Weed indica ssp. Indica.

Indica marijuana has come to describe stout, broad-leaf ferns, thought to deliver sedating effects. These broad-leaf drug (BLD) varieties tend to be technically Marijuana indica ssp. Afghanica.

What we call “hemp” refers to the industrial, non-intoxicating varieties harvested primarily for fiber, seeds, and CBD. But, this was originally named Pot sativa.

Confused? We can understand. As you could visualize, with the mass commercialization of pot, the taxonomic distinctions between marijuana species and subspecies got turned on its head and calcified. It seems the contemporary use of indica and sativa marijuana identifier is here to stay, although as an informed marijuana user, it’s key to understand the practical value of those categories — which brings us to the statistics.

This labeling system we use to determine marijuana effects is no doubt convenient, especially any time while first entering the vast, overpowering world of pot. With hundreds of unique strains and products to pick from, where else would we start?

sativa-indica

Indica Marijuana Explained

In general, Indica marijuana plants grow low to the ground in a bushy manner, with large leaves branching out. of marijuana are often preferred by growers, because of their faster growth and larger produce than sativa strains. There are a number of benefits to consuming marijuana inica-dominant marijuana strain.

Why choose Indica :

  • Improved mental relaxation
  • Muscle relaxation
  • Reduces nausea
  • Reduces chronic / acute pain
  • Improves appetite
  • Improves dopamine
  • Primarily for use at night-time

To learn more, visit the library of known indica marijuana strains, including their effects and flavors, as well as how they have been bred.

Sativa Marijuana Explained

Sativa dominant marijuana plants are often considered polar opposites of the Indica marijuana strains, and tend to grow much larger than indicas. You can sually identify a sativa marijuana plant by it’s large but thin leaves, much more narrow than indica leaves. Sativa strains take longer to harvest than Indica, typically taking 12+ weeks, versus Indica’s 9+ week flowering period. Because of where Sativa plants originate, they often require much more light than their indica counterparts.

Why choose Sativa Marijuana Strains

  • Reduces
  • Acts as an anti-depressant
  • Reduces and treats chronic pain
  • Improves focus and encourages creativity
  • Promotes serotonin
  • Recommended for day time use

Check out a library of known sativa marijuana strains including their medicinal properties and taste profiles. Or, if you are still curious to learn more about the minor differences, check out the info-graphic found below:

cannabis is classified

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A Quick Guide to Girl Scout Cookies https://cannabisinfo.it/a-quick-guide-to-girl-scout-cookies/?lang=en https://cannabisinfo.it/a-quick-guide-to-girl-scout-cookies/?lang=en#respond Fri, 28 Jun 2019 10:06:01 +0000 https://cannabisinfo.it/?p=8661 A Quick Guide to Girl Scout Cookies

A Quick Guide to Girl Scout Cookies

When enthusiasts talk about popular strains of , it’s never long before someone mentions the Girl Scout Cookie strain. Not only is it a great starter and plant for those just getting into growing their own crops, it’s an excellent mood enhancer providing equal measures of stimulation and relaxation.

Here we take a closer look at this iconic strain and explore which products you should buy if you want to start cultivating your own cannabis plants.

Girl Scout Cookie Strain at a Glance:

  • It’s an Indica/Sativa strain which is a hybrid of OG Kush and Durban Poison.
  • The name comes from its sweet taste and flavor, something that quickly reminds people of the famous cookies.
  • It’s used for recreational and medicinal purposes and is one of the most popular strains on the market today.
  • It’s been reputed to help with and depression as well as providing relief, nausea control and improving .
  • Expect between 18-29% THC content from crops that are grown in the home, both indoors and outdoors.
  • It has a fairly quick flowering time and good yields mean it’s a pretty cost-effective cannabis strain to grow at home.

The History of Girl Scout Cookie Strain

The birth of many cannabis strains are shrouded in more than a little mystery. The Girl Scout Cookie strain is no different.

The strain was developed in the U.S, California to be exact. It’s generally agreed that the origins are OG Kush and Durban Poison but other people have suggested that there may be an F1 strain influence in there as well. What isn’t disputed is that the Girl Scout Cookie strain has remained a popular choice for growers ever since its creation.

In general, most people agree that the strength of a Girl Scout Cookie strain should be around 20% THC with approximately 5% CBD. It’s a strain that needs to be taken with care and is not entirely suitable for beginners taking weed for the first time.

Over the years, different varieties of the Girl Scout Cookie strain have been developed, many of which are selled at Seedsman.com and which are detailed below. Generally, the plant is Indica dominant at 60% with around 40% Sativa.

What Can You Expect from Girl Scout Cookie Seeds?

The plant itself is fairly profligate and grows to about 30 inches but is suitable for growing indoors and outdoors with appropriate management.

Depending on the variety you choose, you can expect bright orange or purple pistils when the plant begins to flower and buds which are tight and compact. You’ll notice the distinctive sweet smell of the Girl Scout Cookies and you can expect this to transform into the taste when it is smoked.

Growing the Girl Scout Cookies Strain

From a cultivation point of view, while it’s okay for beginners, you ideally need some when growing this strain. That’s because it flourishes in a Sea of Green setup, which can be used to maximize yield, where you need to understand how to train and where to cut as the plant grows.

The good news is that Girl Scout Cookies strains are fairly sturdy and resistant to pests such as molds, fungi, mildew, insects and bacteria. If you do decide to use this as your first strain to grow, our advice is to do plenty of research before you get started.

Growing indoors, you can expect flowering to begin around week nine or ten. Yield is usually pretty good, though a little is required to ensure you maximize the number of buds.

While the plant prefers a mainly mild and dry climate, they can handle fluctuations better than many other plants if you are considering growing outdoors. It’s not really suitable, however, for overly cold or damp climates.

The Effects of Girl Scout Cookies Strain

The name Girl Scout Cookie comes from the sweet taste of the final weed when it’s smoked. You may notice a hint of ginger too, as well as an underlying taste of lemon combined with a bit of spice.

The Girl Scout moniker, however, doesn’t reflect the strength of this strain. It’s often used by people who want to boost their mental euphoria and creativity, though it does depend on how much you take in the first place. A long smoke can make you feel like having a rest rather than indulging your creative muses.

It’s a great strain for relaxing and unwinding at the end of the day, particularly if you take cannabis for recreational purposes. The Girl Scout Cookies strain is also popular among medical cannabis advocates. People take it for depression and anxiety and find that it improves mood and makes socializing easier. It’s also been used for pain control.

If you’ve never experienced the cannabis ‘halo’ sensation then you probably will this strain. The high starts in the head before spreading to the rest of the body. You might find yourself giggling uncontrollably, especially if you are in familiar company, and you’ll almost certainly get the munchies at some point so make sure you have plenty of goodies on standby.

Girls Scout Cookies Strains at Seedsman.com

As one of the leading suppliers of cannabis seeds in the world, we stock various Girl Scout Cookie strains. Here are just a few you might like to choose from:

1. Girl Scout Cookie Auto-Feminized Seeds from Lineage

The lineage of this strain is Girl Scout Cookies and Platinum Girl Scout Cookies which is then combined with that old favorite Ruderalis. It’s an auto flowering plant that has garnered some pretty good reviews over the years wherever it is on sale.

Compared to other strains you might decide to grow, you need to keep a careful watch on how much you feed your plant because it has quite an appetite.

Yields are better indoors than outdoors and you should be able to cultivate a crop of around 400 gr/m². It’s a strain that leaves you feeling relaxed and happy, leaning towards euphoria for some people and is popular with both recreational and medicinal users.

2. Guys Girl Scout Cookie Glue Auto-Feminized Seeds from Dr Krippling

Combining Grand Heft Auto and Gorilla Glue Auto with Girl Scout Cookies Auto this is certainly a strain variation that will pack a punch.

It’s also a cannabis seed that is good for growing in a large variety of different circumstances and locations, even at higher latitudes. With a quick flowering time of 8 weeks, it’s also a great variety for those who don’t want to hang around twiddling their thumbs.

If you’re looking for a highly relaxing experience that delivers all the time, this is certainly a strain to consider.

3. Girl Scout Cookies Regular from BC Bud Depot

This strain is a combination of OG Kush, Durban Poison and Cherry Kush and comes out of the BC Bud Depot stable. It can achieve pretty high THC contents up to 27% so is not a choice for beginners.

If you’re looking for heritage, it did win Best Hybrid for 2013 at the LA Medical Cannabis Cup. It’s used for a variety of medicinal and recreational purposes and is well known for helping with stress, depression and insomnia. It also has pain relieving and appetite boosting properties.

4. Girl Scout Jones Feminized Seeds from Connoisseur Genetics

If you are searching for a great combination of taste and potency, this strain may well fit the and then some. It’s a cross between Casey Jones (True Cannabliss Cut) and Girl Scout Cookies Forum Cut S1 (reversed) and has a fairly fast flowering time between eight and ten weeks. Advocates love the deep muskiness of this blend and it’s a popular choice in the Seedsman catalogue.

5. Girl Scout Crack Feminized Seeds from Seedsman

Can you combine energy and relaxation? Apparently, it’s possible with this popular seed strain. A mix of Green Crack and Girl Scout Cookies make this a strong choice for medicinal cannabis users.

It elicits an uplifting and euphoric high that is used for a range of problems from stress and depression to nausea and appetite loss. A slightly lower THC content compared other Girl Scout Cookies strains (17%) means it will appeal to those who don’t want to have their socks blown off but who want to get a relaxing high all the same.

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The Racist Origins of The War on Drugs https://cannabisinfo.it/the-racist-origins-of-the-war-on-drugs/?lang=en https://cannabisinfo.it/the-racist-origins-of-the-war-on-drugs/?lang=en#respond Sat, 08 Jun 2019 13:26:11 +0000 https://cannabisinfo.it/?p=8616 The Racist Origins of The War on DrugsThe Racist Origins of The War on Drugs

This article was originally posted on The Green Fund — Australia’s preeminent source of cannabis information.

Recreational marijuana is now legal in 11 states, and medical marijuana is legal in 33. Denver has just passed a referendum to decriminalize magic mushrooms.

It seems the War on Drugs is finally coming to an end. And yet, there isn’t anarchy. There isn’t chaos. In fact, it’s quite the opposite. Barclays pegs the global Cannabis industry at being worth $150 billion today, and predicts that it is set to almost double over the next decade.

In the US alone, Cannabis has created 211,000 full time jobs and has helped children deal with , helped athletes deal with muscle pain, and even helped dogs with their . At this point, you’re probably thinking “hey, that doesn’t sound too bad!”

And you’d be right.

Which brings us to the question, why was there a war on drugs in the first place? Well, it’s complicated. It wasn’t so much a war on drugs as it was a war on some drugs, while others have been tacitly approved. Allthough Cannabis has been illegal since the war on drugs began, there has been 223.7 million retail opioid prescriptions filled annually over the past decade.

And of those prescriptions, 17,029 people overdosed in 2017.

Meanwhile, nobody has ever overdosed on marijuana. In fact, Weed Maps recently released a documentary called ‘The Exit Drug‘ which outlines all the ways that marijuana can be used to get people off of prescription painkillers.

So why has marijuana been demonized and illegal for all these years? Let’s find out.Harry J. Anslinger

Harry J. Anslinger

The War on Drugs is often considered to be the result of one man in particular: A 1930’s politician named Harry J Anslinger.

Anslinger was appointed to the Federal Bureau of Narcotics (which later became the DEA) in the 1930’s, leading to his dedicated work in criminalizing all drugs — particularly marijuana. In order to demonize the substance, Anslinger relied on propaganda to ensure marijuana was seen negatively by the public (presumably because there weren’t many actual downsides that he could draw upon.)

Anslinger labelled marijuana as “more dangerous than or cocaine” and claimed that the plant had the ability to “lead to pacifism and communist brainwashing.”

According to Johann Hari, author of ‘Chasing the Scream: The First and Last Days of the War on Drugs,’ Anslinger went to 30 scientists in search of some negative information about marijuana. Of those 30 scientists, 29 said there was effectively no harm in pot.

One scientist however, agreed with Anslinger that marijuana should be illegal. Evidently, this is who Anslinger listened to.

As the propaganda waged on for several years, a film eventually emerged in 1936 entitled ‘Reefer Madness’ which captured the essence of what Anslinger spoke about.

Labelled as ‘Devil Weed,’ Reefer Madness depicts marijuana as a drug which causes psychosis and violence in users — in some cases leading to rape and even murder. Many reading this will scoff at the ludicrous nature of the claims, with marijuana now associated with getting the munchies and having a good night’s sleep.

Well, you aren’t alone.

Reefer Madness has since become a cult classic among ganja aficionado’s for its wild portrayal of the plant with many hosting humorous viewings of the film. Though Anslinger didn’t have all his eggs in one basket. Rather than relying solely on misinformation to get the job done, Anslinger also used another tactic to help stigmatize drugs: Racism.

In fact, even the term marijuana can be accredited to Anslinger, who chose the term tactfully in order to link the drug to the Mexicans, who called it ‘Marihuana’ at the time.

Relying on racial tensions and fear, Anslinger waged a war not only on drugs, but on people themselves — specifically African Americans and Mexicans.

“There are 100,000 total marijuana smokers in the U.S., and most are Negroes, Hispanics, Filipinos and entertainers. Their Satanic music, Jazz and Swing result from marijuana use. This marijuana causes white women to seek sexual relations with Negroes, entertainers and any others.”

– Harry J. Anslinger, Commissioner of Federal Bureau of Narcotics

Anslinger referred to Jazz — made exclusively by African Americans at the time — as “satanic”, simply because the musicians toked on marijuana in jazz clubs.

He referred to Mexicans as “Spanish-speaking degenerates” and even went as far to say “Reefer makes darkies think they’re as good as white men.”

Looking at Anslinger’s comments now, it seems despicable that they had any weight to them whatsoever. Though he wasn’t alone. Several newspaper companies worked alongside Anslinger to ensure his message was heard and that marijuana was demonized.

Though the newspaper companies were more concerned with the threat of hemp paper than they were marijuana smokers.

Anslinger’s efforts finally reached fruition in 1937 when the Marijuana Tax Act was passed, prohibiting the possession and distribution of marijuana.Richard Nixon

Richard Nixon

The 60’s saw a resurgence of drug use through the counter-cultural “hippie” movement, spurred on by the likes of Jimi Hendrix, The Beatles and Timothy Leary.

As a response to this, in 1970 the 45th president of the United States, Richard Nixon, revamped the previous Federal Bureau of Narcotics, into what we now know as the DEA: The Drug Enforcement Agency.

Nixon labelled drug abuse as the “public enemy number one” to the United States, and started the official War on Drugs. And who could personify drugs better than the psychedelic cult-leader Timothy Leary?

Leary’s calling cry was “tune in, turn on and drop out,” which essentially meant alter ones mind through psychedelic drugs and drop out of the culture of war at the time. For these reasons among others, Nixon described Leary as “the most dangerous man in America.”

He even attempted to imprison Leary for 10 years for the possession of 2 joints, though Leary escaped from prison.

Nixon had a harsh stance on all drugs, leading to an enormous spike in the male incarceration rates in the U.S. directly after Nixon began his War on Drugs.Nixon’s motivations

As time went on, it was revealed that Nixon’s motivations behind the War on Drugs weren’t too dissimilar from Harry J. Anslingers in the 30’s.

A former Nixon Aide by the name of John Ehrlichman admitted:

“The Nixon campaign in 1968 had two enemies: the antiwar left and black people. We knew we couldn’t make it illegal to be either against the war or black, but by getting the public to associate the hippies with marijuana and blacks with heroin, and then criminalizing both heavily, we could disrupt those communities. We could arrest their leaders, raid their homes, break up their meetings, and vilify them night after night on the evening news. Did we know we were lying about the drugs? Of course we did.”

– John Ehrlichman, former aide to Richard NixonRonald Reagan

Ronald Reagan

Evidently a fan of Nixon’s drug policy, the 40th US president Ronald Reagan once again declared a ‘War on Drugs’ in 1981. Reagan’s wife Nancy also began her “just say no” campaign at this time, which aimed to deter school children from drug use.

Though rather than take a -based approach — as is now generally considered to be sensible — Reagan was much more focused on imprisoning those who consumed drugs.

The U.S. passed the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986, which dedicated $1.7 billion to the War on Drugs, and implemented mandatory prison sentences for various drug offenses. The drug of choice during this era was no longer marijuana, but now crack cocaine, which again led to an unequal number of African American incarcerations.

“Drugs are bad, and we’re going after them. We’ve taken down the surrender flag and run up the battle flag. And we’re going to win the war on drugs.”

– Ronald Reagan on the War on DrugsThe Drug War Today

The Drug War Today

In 2013, Uruguay legalized marijuana for recreational use. Canada then followed just last year in October 2018, when it was legalized by . In this time much of the U.S. has joined in, with 10 states having fully legalized marijuana, and while 33 have legalized it for medicinal purposes.

And Hemp — despite having very little psychoactive capabilities — is also legal thanks to the Farm of 2018, opening the floodgates for hemp-based CBD products and the booming hemp industry.

This is an important side-note. Legalization isn’t just about letting people experiment with different mind-states, there are benefits to drug legalization that we couldn’t have even imagined during the height of the war on drugs.

The UFC has just signed a deal with Aurora Cannabis over exploring the potentials of CBD for athletes, GW Pharma’s ‘Epidiolex‘ can help children suffering from rare forms of epilepsy, and the benefits to hemp seem to be endless. And now, one of the greatest recent leaps we’ve seen in overcoming the drug war has been most recently in Denver, Colorado, which just legalized magic mushrooms for recreational use by referendum.

Said to assist those with PTSD and depression, we’re only just scratching the surface of benefits that may come from legalizing magic mushrooms.

As we’re seeing with these benefits that are emerging from drug legalization, it’s clear that the war on drugs isn’t aimed at helping people. The war on drugs is, as it has commonly been called, a war on people — and how they choose to alter their mind-state. This war on people isn’t cheap either. Factoring in the costs of running the DEA, versus the profits made in the cannabis industry, we’re talking billions upon billions of dollars which are being spent, while illicit drug use continues to climb.

In fact, hundreds of thousands die globally each year from using drugs that are already legal, given to them by medical professionals, or by their local bartender. Alcohol related deaths are the third highest cause of preventable deaths in the U.S., and yet alcohol is about as readily available as water.

The hypocrisy behind the war on drugs has reached boiling point, and as we learn more about the racial motivations behind the drug war, it only gets more infuriating that many drugs are still illegal worldwide.

I think I speak for everyone here at The Green Fund when I say, the war on drugs cannot end soon enough.

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How is CBD synthesised? https://cannabisinfo.it/how-is-cbd-synthesised/?lang=en https://cannabisinfo.it/how-is-cbd-synthesised/?lang=en#respond Fri, 03 May 2019 17:52:49 +0000 https://cannabisinfo.it/?p=8480 Come si sintetizza il CBD?

How is CBD synthesised?

  • Over the past few years, CBD-rich strains have proved to be real game changers in the cannabis market.
  • The cannabinoid has gained popularity not only for its medicinal properties but also for its amazing recreational potential.
  • Before placing a new strain on the market, we test it for and terpenes so that we can ensure both profiles meet our quality standards.
  • We believe in the importance of and attention to detail, and enjoy sharing the knowledge we have gained on the plant’s chemical composition.  In this article, our lab techs explain how CBD is synthesised.

It is now widely known that Cannabis is a monotypic genus that consists of a single species: , as it was described by Leonard Fuchs in the 16th century (1). As a consequence of breeding and selection, a large variation of cultivars has been developed over the years, mostly for the recreational market, with famous names like Critical + 2.0Original Amnesia, and Skunk.

Nowadays, more and more breeding programs are focusing on medical cannabis, and are therefore targeting different cannabinoid contents, mainly focusing on  (CBD), but also on other cannabinoids like cannabidivarin (CBDV) or cannabigerol (CBG).

Whether it is for recreational or medical purposes, these cultivars contain the same cannabinoids but in different proportions, which is why talking about fingerprints or chemovars, and classifying cannabis strains according to their cannabinoid content instead of their phenotype, would be more accurate.

Cannabinoid and terpenoid profiles are the characteristics that make one strain unique. These chemical compounds typically accumulate in considerable amounts in the secretory cavity of the glandular trichomes, mostly present in female flowers and in the aerial parts of the plant, and are responsible for the effects, taste, and scent of the plant (2).

It has to be noted that terpenes can also be found in the roots of the plants, while trace amounts of cannabinoids can be found in seeds, roots and pollen.

In the last few years, various seed banks including Dinafem Seeds have engaged in breeding projects aimed at developing CBD-rich strains, as the increasingly in-vogue cannabinoid brings great value to medicinal and recreational users alike.

When was CBD discovered?

Cannabidiol was first isolated in 1940 (Adams), and then identified in 1963 (Mechoulam and Shvo) (3). Its chemical structure is similar to THC‘s; therefore, isomerisation can occur in harsh acidic conditions, i.e. CBD can be converted into THC by a simple chemical reaction.

This is not likely to happen in humans, though, as gastric pH is not acidic enough to allow the reaction.

Today, more than 113 cannabinoids have been discovered and reported in the literature even though some of these are breakdown products only present in the plant in trace amounts (4). In this article we will focus on the synthesis of CBD.

How is CBD synthesised?

Over the years, the biosynthesis pathway leading to cannabinoid  has been elucidated, and it has been demonstrated that cannabinoids and terpenoids are chemically related as they share the same ancestor/precursor: Isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP), which comes from fatty acids (5).

This structural similarity explains why beta caryophyllene (sesquiterpenoid) binds to CB2 receptor to produce its biological effects, and why intake into the body can alter endocannabinoid levels.

CBD biosynthesis takes place in the trichomes (small hair or other outgrowth from the epidermis of a plant, typically unicellular and glandular) and is closely related to terpene biosynthesis, which is the reason why cannabinoids and terpenes can be considered as parent molecules.

CBD biosynthesis involves olivetolic acid and , and is mediated by an , CBDA synthase. This reaction leads to the production of CBDA, which acts as the precursor of CBD synthesis. This acidic form of CBD is mostly found in fresh cannabis samples.

CBD is then obtained by the decarboxylation (removal of CO2) of its precursor CBDA. Decarboxylation can occur because of UV light exposure, prolonged storage or .

Biosynthesis-reaction-modificada

This mechanism explains why CBDA is mostly found in fresh cannabis samples, whereas CBD is produced when cannabis is smoked or dried.

As explained, IPP can lead to both cannabinoids and terpenes. In order to produce cannabinoids and monoterpenes, IPP is first converted to Geranyl Pyrophopshate (GPP), whereas for producing sesquiterpenes it is converted to farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP).

These precursors then react with different compounds and enzymes according to the biosynthesis pathway, leading to the formation of two main cannabinoids – the acidic compounds CBGVA and CBGA – which are then synthesised into other main acidic cannabinoids via different routes: CBDA synthase leads to CBDA, THCA synthase to THCA and CBCA synthase to CBCA.

The genes responsible for the expression of these enzymes can express themselves in the plant to varying degrees, resulting in different cannabinoid productions, and are therefore responsible for the singularity of the strains’ cannabinoid profiles.

This is where breeding and selection programs are focusing. Breeders cross plants showing the traits of interest in order to create new generations that express the desired gene and therefore produce the cannabinoid profiles fitting their requirements.

In the end, when the flowers are properly dried and cured, without excessive light or heat, they mostly contain cannabinoids in the acidic form.

Because it is not an enzymatic reaction, decarboxylation of the cannabinoids (loss of the COOH group) is considered as degradation. While it can occur in the plant, the reaction is typically triggered when the flowers are smoked or baked into edibles, leading to the production of THC, CBD, CBC and CBG, the “active forms” of cannabinoids.

Another degradation product is CBN, which is formed via THC, and is a clear sign of plant deterioration (6).

In addition to plant biosynthesis, and thanks to scientific advancements, cannabis plants are not the only source of cannabinoids. Microorganisms such as yeast and bacteria can be genetically modified to produce cannabinoids by inserting genes that code the appropriate enzymes to produce a desired compound (7).

This can be of huge use in the medical market, as only a specific cannabinoid or cannabinoid group is produced. As a result, highly pure and reproducible pharmaceutical grade products can be obtained, which is a difficult task either by extraction from cannabis plants or by chemical synthesis.

The question is now whether we will be capable of scaling this up to the point where microorganism produced cannabinoids is worth the effort. Basically, making a lot of it is the bigger challenge right now.

  1. Hazekamp. Chemistry of Cannabis. Comprehensive Natural Products II. (Eds: L. Mander, H-W. Lui). Elsevier, Oxford, 2010, 3, pp. 1033-1084.
  2. Hazekamp; J.T. Fichedick. Cannabis – from cultivar to chemovar. Drug. Test. Anal. 2012, 4, 660-667.
  3. G. Pertwee. Cannabinoid pharmacology: the first 66 years. Br. J. Pharmacol. 2006, 147, S163-S171.
  4. Aizpurua-Olaizola, et al. Evolution of the Cannabinoid and Terpene Content during the Growth of Cannabis sativa Plants from Different Chemotypes. J Nat Prod. 2016, 79, 324-331.
  5. Russo. Taming THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid-terpenoid entourage effects. Br J Pharmacol. 2011, 163, 1344–1364.
  6. Aizpurua-Olaizola, et al. Identification and quantification of cannabinoids in Cannabis sativa L. plants by high performance chromatography-mass spectrometry. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2014, 406, 7549-7560.
  7. L. Poulos; A.N. Farnia. Production of cannabinoids in yeast. US20160010126A1 patent, 2017.
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Best Cannabis Strains 2019 https://cannabisinfo.it/best-cannabis-strains-2019/?lang=en https://cannabisinfo.it/best-cannabis-strains-2019/?lang=en#respond Sun, 31 Mar 2019 12:57:42 +0000 https://cannabisinfo.it/?p=8324 Best Cannabis Strains 2019Best 2019

2019 Best Sellers and Most Popular Strains Reviews

This is strictly my opinion, however these strains are available from the most respected breeders in feminized seeds and available and in stock but not for long. Included in the links are special discounts to purchase the seeds as well as the basic info needed to decide if the strain is the best choice for your garden in 2019. We will be growing all of the best cannabis strains 2019, will you?

If you’re a marijuana grower, experienced or not, you’ll want to make sure that you seek out the best cannabis strains 2019. Without the right marijuana seed, you’re going to face some complications, when attempting to grow your bud. The best cannabis strains will provide you with an exceptionally high germination rate. This will help to ensure that your grows, without much of a struggle. Of course, this isn’t the only factor that should be taken into account, when attempting to find the best to buy.

Although many consumers will want to choose the most budget friendly strain, or even the best weed in the world! this isn’t always a wise choice! Choosing a higher yield is more important than a cheap price for some individuals. Other consumers will suggest that the flavor and effect of the marijuana is the most integral aspects of the strain. Of course, a beginner won’t be so well versed in these terms. Is indoor more suitable for your needs or would you prefer to grow your plants in an outdoor manner? All of this is absolutely vital and it may take a little bit of experience, before you begin recognizing the differentials between the strains.

The differentials do not stop there either! You’re also going to need to consider the estimated flowering period! Is your strain of choice suitable for medical use? What is the precise THC content of the weed, once it has grown? Is it autoflowering? Depending on your specific experience level, you may or may not recognize these terms and phrases. This isn’t too big of a problem, as long as you look for the best cannabis strains 2019 and purchase those.

1 Seeds OGKZ

We have already started our first round of Humboldt Seeds OGKZ in our veg room. We’re very excited about this strain and know that the Zkittlez has become very sought after but we are true OG fans through and through. I definitely think this one will be a keeper and make a long term stay in both our indoor and outdoor gardens.

OGKZ parents, the famous Zkittlez and OGKB (OG Kush Breath), boast lots of hype and bag appeal, the Zkittlez is one of our favorite tasting strains. The resulting hybrid is a stunning marijuana plant that oozes terps and quality. You can “taste the rainbow” after the first puff. A longer veg growth is recommended indoors while outdoors the greenhouse and dry, warm, temperate and Mediterranean climates are preferred. The production of resin is above average.

The aroma of OGKZ seeds is gassy and sweet, and reminds of citrus fruit and cedar, while the intense flavor is gassy with hints of pine, incense, grapes and cinnamon. A cannabis strain that produces a powerful, long-lasting, clear, cerebral effect.

For sale 1

OGKZ Feminised Seeds (Humboldt Seeds)

OGKZ Feminised Seeds (Humboldt Seeds)

  • Humboldt Seeds
  • Feminised
  • High THC
  • Mostly Indica

2 DNA Genetics Miss U.S.A.

The two world’s most cup winning strains Kosher Kush and Strawberry Banana team together to create the legend that is DNA Genetics MISS U.S.A. These strains has been causing a storm over in California for its good yields, great aroma and awesome returns for concentrates. is a great variety for first time as well as experienced connoisseurs. Producing light green and heavily coated buds with heavy formations of crystals that await you! Grow your own with Miss USA today and you will see she is the finest out of the bunch, a true winner.

For sale 2

Miss U.S.A. Feminised Seeds (DNA Genetics)

Miss U.S.A. Feminised Seeds (DNA Genetics)

  • DNA Genetics
  • Feminised
  • High THC
  • Indica: 60% | Sativa: 40%

3 Seeds Tangie Matic Autoflowering

Our new revolutionary invention: Tangie’Matic, AKA Tangie Auto, Tangerine Auto, or Mandarin Auto. We paired our next-gen autoflower genetics with this legendary European strain to create our largest plant for sale. This monstrous growth is paired with super-potent levels of THC. Most detected levels fell in the range between 21 to 22% THC, although in some cases, reached detected levels of 23%. CBD levels are very low.

Taste & Aroma: Refreshing, spicy citrus scent with wild tangerine notes.

After the testing was complete, we felt every ounce of sativa hit us from head to toe. Our Tangie’Matic strain is one of the most interesting varieties we have because of its ability to tap into some imaginative tunnels. This is definitely a strain to smoke before jamming out, painting, writing, or doing anything creative. No hint of indica sedation here, Tangie’Matic seeds are as close to a pure Sativa that Fast Buds offers, even if it is still technically a hybrid.

It takes roughly 30 minutes for this our Tangie’Matic strain to take its effect on your imagination while giving you a nice dose of energy! Its effects could be described as lucid and uplifting.

It is highly recommended for both day and night use. But, be careful as its high levels of THC can cause many to come back for more.

How It Grows

Tangie’Matic seeds are easy to grow. Just don’t stress your plant throughout the cycle, especially in the proper growing season. When the flowering phase commences, you can smell the aromatic angels dance on top your olfactory receptors. This is a favorite amongst big commercial growers for its generous production of bud and low maintenance.

The only downside is that it is not the most suitable option for the “micro grower” or the “stealth grower” because of the behemoth Tangie’Matic yield and size. This strain likes to stretch and pack on the buds, not bad for the small price. For best results when cultivating outdoor, you should use pots up to 11-13 gallons (40-50 liters) so that this monster has enough space to eat and grow to its full potential of 150 cm tall! If your an indoor grower, be sure your tent can take a tall plant.

With these few steps and at least a hint of love and affection, Tangie’Matic will show its appreciation by granting you with buds of glory!

For sale 3

Tangie Auto Feminised Seeds (FastBuds Seeds)

Tangie Auto Feminised Seeds (FastBuds Seeds)

  • FastBuds Seeds
  • Autoflowering Feminised
  • up to 23% THC
  • Mostly Sativa

4 Critical +

Our Critical + mother has been with us since 2012 and she is one of the best producers as well as the most potent in our area as we have allowed several dispensaries both test and carry our amazing 28.6% THC Critical +. This strain is beyond amazing and each time we run, she will produce 14oz per 5 gallon bucket in our recirculating DWC system.

Critical + is an all-in-one feminised cannabis seed regarded as one of the greatest cannabis ladies of all time: she grows very easily, she produces spectacular yields, her taste and aroma are simply unbeatable, and her potent effect provokes an impressive ‘high’ that everyone wants to try.

Critical + is not only stable and vigorous, but she is ready for harvest in a remarkably short time. In fact, she grows so fast and so strong that, if you’re intending to grow indoors, it’s paramount you keep the area clean and tidy so that every plant has enough space to grow comfortably and show their full potential. Some staking is also likely to be necessary because, at some point, their branches won’t be able to hold the weight of the buds.

Outdoors, she thrives in temperate Mediterranean climates or under the protection of the greenhouse. Her only weak point is her limited resistance to moisture but, thanks to her fast growth, she’s rarely affected by it. Performing well with SCROG and SOG, any trimming technique can be used on her (topping, fimming, super cropping…). Her aroma is so intense that you’d better opt for growing outdoors and not for your city balcony or terrace. Indoors, using anti-odour filters is essential to prevent the neighbours from taking notice of our crop.

For sale 4

Critical + Feminised Seeds (Dinafem Seeds)

Critical + Feminised Seeds (Dinafem Seeds)

  • Seeds
  • Feminised
  • 12-16% THC
  • 50/50 indica/sativa

5 Rare Dankness Dark GhostTrain

The Grape Ape mother crossed with the award-winning #1 creates powerfully high, sugary trichrome, purple hint flowers, with prominent grape flavor overtones. High THC and medium yield. This will be the sleeper, as many growers won’t have the foresight to see this strain will be one of the best marijuana strains 2019 and will instantly be the best strain growing in your gardens.

Grape Ape X Ghost Train Haze #1

For sale 5

Dark Ghost Train Feminised Seeds - 6 (Rare Dankness)

Dark Ghost Train Feminised Seeds – 6 (Rare Dankness)

  • Rare Dankness
  • Feminised
  • High THC
  • indica/sativa

6 Zkittlez

Gorilla Zkittlez brings U.S. West Coast genetics to everyone. It is a mind-blowing blend of Gorilla Glue #4 and Zkittlez. An indica-dominant plant (60%), this brand new cannabis strain is a super-resinous explosion of sweet, ripe fruits. Very high THC production along with bumper crops indoors and out. Medical strain.

Cultivated indoors this is a strain that will grow to a height of about 140 cm. and which will be ready after 8 – 9 weeks of flowering with great yields of between 500 – 700 gr/m2. Outdoors planted in the ground this strain will grow rather taller reaching an average of 170 cm. Yields in this environment can be off the map at anything up to 2500 gr! In the northern hemisphere harvest will be during the first half of October. This is a strain with pretty good resistance to moulds therefore a degree damp is tolerated quite well. It is a strain that is of average difficulty to grow and a careful beginner can achieve good results.

Both perfume and flavour are very fruity and the glistening sparkle of resin gives a clue to its potency with THC production of up to 24%. It is a very restful and relaxing strain with which to unwind.

For sale 6

Gorilla Zkittlez Feminised Seeds (Barney's Farm Seeds)

Gorilla Zkittlez Feminised Seeds (Barney’s Farm Seeds)

  • Barney’s Farm Seeds
  • Feminised
  • Very high THC
  • Mostly Indica

Visit Seedsman Now!

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Marijuana and Religion: Christianity https://cannabisinfo.it/marijuana-and-religion-christianity/?lang=en https://cannabisinfo.it/marijuana-and-religion-christianity/?lang=en#respond Thu, 28 Mar 2019 10:36:51 +0000 https://cannabisinfo.it/?p=8216 Marijuana and Religion: Christianity and Religion: Christianity

There is no definitive text on in the Bible. Yet many scholars use these writings to justify their position, for or against. Since 2012, there are more Christian religious orders who use the to pray than ever before and nuns and -themed Bible study is on the upswing. But what does the Bible actually say about ?

Many Christians take their right to use cannabis as God given, while others abstain because they believe it is a . So why isn’t there a clear answer, decision or policy? And what is the skinny on Christianity and cannabis?

A lot of discussion and debate is based on interpretations. What exactly does the word of the Bible mean? Especially when referencing cannabis. It can’t be denied that the Bible mentions in many places. And for many uses. Discussions and debates go on about whether Jesus smoked pot to this day and probably will for a long time.
But what does the good book really say? And how do the sacraments stack up against practice?

jesus-died-i-may-smokeHISTORY OF CANNABIS AND CHRISTIANITY

According to the Bible, Christians are allowed to use the plant for everyday use. And why wouldn’t they? According to some, the anointing oil in the Old Testament references was actually made of hemp.

In Exodus 30:22-23, reference is made to a healing oil made out of ingredients including kaneh-bosm. This is supposedly one of the earliest known names for the plant.

This is hardly surprising. Cannabis has been used as medicine for thousands of years. Those who wrote the Bible were probably not isolated from the world around them and the use of the plant was clearly common in the societies in which the Bible was written.
How it is used, and by whom is another question altogether.

OFFICIAL STAND ON CHRISTIANITY AND MARIJUANA

There are two lines of thought about this. On the first, there are those who argue that the Bible endorses the use of all seeds and herbs blessed by God. Cannabis (also known as hemp) was mentioned in Genesis (1:12 and 29-31), (34:29) and Revelations (22:1-2). Use of the same is allowed.

Different sects of Christianity look to other Bible verses to make their case. The Rastafarians have also used marijuana as a ritualistic sacrament. They point to Bible verses such as Revelation 22:2. The Tree of Life bears leaves “for the healing of all nations.”

On the flip side there are those who argue that even hemlock and poisoned mushrooms have been created by a higher power. However these are clearly deadly as food. There are many justifications for why hemp or cannabis should not be used. And these also range in focus and in church, from belief and sect to Bible study.

Truth be told, there isn’t a single “official stand” on cannabis. Just as there is not one “official” church or branch of Christianity.

smoking-nuns

CANNABIS AND CHRISTIANITY IN MODERN DAY

Cannabis has been labeled a sacred plant by many and played a role in many religious rituals over time. Christianity is just one out of many religious beliefs that has encountered the plant.

Depending on where you are, this is also interpreted very differently. In some places, it is even possible to find churches that are specifically dedicated to cannabis. Also there are more than a few Bible studies and prayer groups related to the practice.

On the other hand there are of course many places where professed Christians strongly believe that cannabis use is “sinful.”

The Bible is also used frequently to help addicts overcome their to drugs and alcohol. Although Jesus makes wine at a wedding in Cana, in John 2:1-10, there are also plenty of references to abstinence from alcoholic drink. In the Old Testament, intoxication is clearly not allowed. In the New Testament, drunkenness is forbidden.

The arguments on both sides of this are legion even today, and this is far from a settled issue. Some argue that cannabis is not mentioned enough, or that there do not seem to be guidelines for its use. Others argue that references to the plant used as an everyday medicament and food justify its use.

These days, 62% of Americans in general believe that marijuana should be legalized.[1] Christian denominated, affiliated groups tend to only support this issue by 40%. However when further broken down, it is also clear that there is a split within these groups. Only 29% of Evangelical Christians believe that cannabis use should be legal.[2]

A good example is for instance televangelist and two-time presidential candidate Pat Robertson, who called for marijuana to be treated the same as alcohol in 2012. The response from the mainstream? Cannabis churches and weed nuns became media darlings.

It is clear that the general stigma on cannabis usage is slowly being broken. Also among Christians.

REFERENCES

  1. ^ Pew Research Center, About six-in-ten Americans support marijuana , recuperate December-07-2018
    Read
  2. ^ PRRI, General Public, Christian Young Adults Divided on Marijuana Legalization, recuperate December-07-2018
    Read

 

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The Marijuana Conspiracy https://cannabisinfo.it/the-marijuana-conspiracy/?lang=en https://cannabisinfo.it/the-marijuana-conspiracy/?lang=en#respond Tue, 26 Mar 2019 15:14:34 +0000 https://cannabisinfo.it/?p=8181 The Marijuana ConspiracyThe Marijuana Conspiracy

The Real Reason why Hemp is Illegal

Pot is NOT harmful to the human body or mind. It typically does NOT send users into rehab programs. Marijuana does NOT pose a threat to the general public.

While marijuana users have every right to check into high-end drug rehabilitation facilities if they want, the dangers of marijuana are more directed towards big business.

Marijuana is very much a danger to the oil companies, alcohol, tobacco industries and a large number of chemical corporations. Various big businesses, with plenty of dollars and influence, have suppressed the truth from the people. POT IS ILLEGAL BECAUSE BILLIONAIRES WANT TO REMAIN BILLIONAIRES!

Introduction

Did you know, it is estimated that hemp has approximately 25,000 uses? From food, paint and fuel to clothing and construction materials, hemp is used. There are even hemp fibres in your Red Rose® and Lipton® tea bags. And several cars made today contain hemp.

The oldest relic of human industry is a piece of hemp fabric (canvas) found in ancient Mesopotamia dating back to approximately 8000 B.C. The oldest surviving piece of paper was made over 2000 years ago in China and was also made from hemp fibre. In 2500 B.C. the pharaohs used hemp in the construction of the great pyramids.

hemp_field2

Hemp was so important in England in the 16th century that King Henry VIII passed a law in 1553 which fined farmers who failed to grow at least one quarter acre of hemp for every 60 acres of arable land they owned. There was even a time in history for over 200 years when you could pay your taxes in America with hemp. In 1850 there were more than 8,300 hemp farms in the United States.

Every 3.6 seconds someone in the world dies of hunger. Hemp seeds are the most nutritious and economical solution to end world hunger. With an 80 percent concentration of “good fats” our bodies need for good health maintenance and protein with all eight amino acids plus optimum dietary fibre, hemp truly is a “perfect balance” food source [ Health Benefits of Hemp Seed ].

Nature has provided the essential nutrients for restoring and maintaining optimal health in a power-packed seed that is gluten, cholesterol and sugar free. Pure, natural, raw shelled hemp seed – the best single food source of protein, essential fats, vitamins and enzymes on the planet. [ Online source of hemp foods: https://www.healing-source.com ]

The first diesel engine was designed to run on vegetable oils, one of which was hemp oil. In the 1930s Henry Ford produced an automobile composed of 70 percent hemp plastic which also ran on hemp based fuel and oil. In 2001 the “Hempcar” circled the North American continent powered by hemp oil.

The paintings of Rembrandt (1606- 1669), Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890) and Thomas Gainsborough (1727- 1788) were painted primarily on hemp canvas, often with hemp oil based paint. Over 50 percent of all chemical pesticides sprayed are used in the cultivation of cotton. Hemp is eight times stronger than cotton and more air-permeable. Hemp can grow vigorously (up to 16 feet) in 100 days without the use of harmful pesticides and herbicides… healthier for your skin and the environment.

One acre of hemp can produce as much raw fibre as 4.1 acres of trees. Pulping hemp for paper would produce a strong paper that lasts incredibly long and doesn’t yellow with age. Also, using hemp as a raw source for paper would eliminate the need to cut down our dwindling old-growth forests which contribute to climate control and clean the air we breathe.  [ Source: the Hempola Trivia Trail ].

The real reason Cannabis has been outlawed has nothing to do with its effects on the mind and body

“MARIJUANA is DANGEROUS”.

Pot is NOT harmful to the human body or mind. Marijuana does NOT pose a threat to the general public. Marijuana is very much a danger to the oil companies, alcohol, tobacco industries and a large number of chemical corporations. Various big businesses, with plenty of dollars and influence, have suppressed the truth from the people.

The truth is if marijuana was utilized for its vast array of commercial products, it would create an industrial atomic bomb! Entrepreneurs have not been educated on the product potential of pot. The super rich have conspired to spread misinformation about an extremely versatile plant that, if used properly, would ruin their companies.

Where did the word ‘marijuana’ come from? In the mid 1930s, the M-word was created to tarnish the good image and phenomenal history of the hemp plant…as you will read. The facts cited here, with references, are generally verifiable in the Encyclopedia Britannica which was printed on hemp paper for 150 years:

  • All schoolbooks were made from hemp or flax paper until the 1880s; Hemp Paper Reconsidered, Jack Frazier, 1974.
  • It was LEGAL TO PAY TAXES WITH HEMP in America from 1631 until the early 1800s; LA Times, Aug. 12, 1981.
  • REFUSING TO GROW HEMP in America during the 17th and 18th Centuries WAS AGAINST THE LAW! You could be jailed in Virginia for refusing to grow hemp from 1763 to 1769; Hemp in Colonial Virginia, G. M. Herdon.
  • George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and other founding fathers GREW HEMP; Washington and Jefferson Diaries. Jefferson smuggled hemp seeds from China to France then to America.
  • Benjamin Franklin owned one of the first paper mills in America and it processed hemp. Also, the War of 1812 was fought over hemp. Napoleon wanted to cut off Moscow’s export to England; Emperor Wears No Clothes, Jack Herer.
  • For thousands of years, 90% of all ships’ sails and rope were made from hemp. The word ‘canvas’ is Dutch for cannabis; Webster’s New World Dictionary.
  • 80% of all textiles, fabrics, clothes, linen, drapes, bed sheets, etc. were made from hemp until the 1820s with the introduction of the cotton gin.
  • The first Bibles, maps, charts, Betsy Ross’s flag, the first drafts of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were made from hemp; U.S. Government Archives.
  • The first crop grown in many states was hemp. 1850 was a peak year for Kentucky producing 40,000 tons. Hemp was the largest cash crop until the 20th Century; State Archives.
  • Oldest known records of hemp farming go back 5000 years in China, although hemp industrialization probably goes back to ancient Egypt.
  • Rembrants, Gainsboroughs, Van Goghs as well as most early canvas paintings were principally painted on hemp linen.
  • In 1916, the U.S. Government predicted that by the 1940s all paper would come from hemp and that no more trees need to be cut down. Government studies report that 1 acre of hemp equals 4.1 acres of trees. Plans were in the works to implement such programs; Department of
  • Quality paints and varnishes were made from hemp seed oil until 1937. 58,000 tons of hemp seeds were used in America for paint products in 1935; Sherman Williams Paint Co. testimony before against the 1937 Marijuana Tax Act.
  • Henry Ford’s first Model-T was built to run on hemp gasoline and the CAR ITSELF WAS CONTRUCTED FROM HEMP! On his large estate, Ford was photographed among his hemp fields. The car, ‘grown from the soil,’ had hemp plastic panels whose impact strength was 10 times stronger than steel; Popular Mechanics, 1941.
  • Hemp called ‘Billion Dollar Crop.’ It was the first time a cash crop had a business potential to exceed a billion dollars; Popular Mechanics, Feb., 1938.
  • Mechanical Engineering Magazine (Feb. 1938) published an article entitled ‘The Most Profitable and Desirable Crop that Can be Grown.’ It stated that if hemp was cultivated using 20th Century technology, it would be the single largest agricultural crop in the U.S. and the rest of the world.

The following information comes directly from the United States Department of Agriculture’s 1942 14-minute film encouraging and instructing ‘patriotic American farmers’ to grow 350,000 acres of hemp each year for the war effort:

‘…(When) Grecian temples were new, hemp was already old in the service of mankind. For thousands of years, even then, this plant had been grown for cordage and cloth in China and elsewhere in the East. For centuries prior to about 1850, all the ships that sailed the western seas were rigged with hempen rope and sails. For the sailor, no less than the hangman, hemp was indispensable…

…Now with Philippine and East Indian sources of hemp in the hands of the Japanese…American hemp must meet the needs of our Army and Navy as well as of our industries…

…the Navy’s rapidly dwindling reserves. When that is gone, American hemp will go on duty again; hemp for mooring ships; hemp for tow lines; hemp for tackle and gear; hemp for countless naval uses both on ship and shore. Just as in the days when Old Ironsides sailed the seas victorious with her hempen shrouds and hempen sails. Hemp for victory!’

Certified proof from the Library of Congress; found by the research of Jack Herer, refuting claims of other government agencies that the 1942 USDA film ‘Hemp for Victory’ did not exist.

Hemp cultivation and production do not harm the environment. The USDA Bulletin #404 concluded that hemp produces 4 times as much pulp with at least 4 to 7 times less pollution. From Popular Mechanics, Feb. 1938:

‘It has a short growing season…It can be grown in any state…The long roots penetrate and break the soil to leave it in perfect condition for the next year’s crop. The dense shock of leaves, 8 to 12 feet above the ground, chokes out weeds.
…hemp, this new crop can add immeasurably to American agriculture and industry.’

In the 1930s, innovations in farm machinery would have caused an industrial revolution when applied to hemp. This single resource could have created millions of new jobs generating thousands of quality products. Hemp, if not made illegal, would have brought America out of the Great Depression.

William Randolph Hearst (Citizen Kane) and the Hearst Paper Manufacturing Division of Kimberly Clark owned vast acreage of timberlands. The Hearst Company supplied most paper products. Patty Hearst’s grandfather, a destroyer of nature for his own personal profit, stood to lose billions because of hemp.

In 1937, Dupont patented the processes to make plastics from oil and coal. Dupont’s Annual Report urged stockholders to invest in its new petrochemical division. Synthetics such as plastics, cellophane, celluloid, methanol, nylon, rayon, Dacron, etc., could now be made from oil. Natural hemp industrialization would have ruined over 80% of Dupont’s business.

The Marijuana Conspiracy

Andrew Mellon became Hoover’s Secretary of the Treasury and Dupont’s primary investor. He appointed his future nephew-in-law, Harry J. Anslinger, to head the Federal Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs.

Secret meetings were held by these financial tycoons. Hemp was declared dangerous and a threat to their billion dollar enterprises. For their dynasties to remain intact, hemp had to go. These men took an obscure Mexican slang word: ‘marihuana’ and pushed it into the consciousness of America.

Media

A media blitz of ‘yellow journalism’ raged in the late 1920s and 1930s. Hearst’s newspapers ran stories emphasizing the horrors of marihuana. The menace of marihuana made headlines. Readers learned that it was responsible for everything from car accidents to loose morality.

Films like ‘Reefer Madness’ (1936), ‘Marihuana: Assassin of Youth’ (1935) and ‘Marihuana: The Devil’s Weed’ (1936) were propaganda designed by these industrialists to create an enemy. Their purpose was to gain public support so that anti-marihuana laws could be passed.

Examine the following quotes from ‘The Burning Question’ aka REEFER MADNESS:

  • a violent narcotic.
  • acts of shocking violence.
  • incurable insanity.
  • soul-destroying effects.
  • under the influence of the drug he killed his entire family with an ax.
  • more vicious, more deadly even than these soul-destroying drugs (heroin, cocaine) is the menace of marihuana!

Reefer Madness did not end with the usual ‘the end.’ The film concluded with these words plastered on the screen: TELL YOUR CHILDREN.

In the 1930s, people were very naive; even to the point of ignorance. The masses were like sheep waiting to be led by the few in power. They did not challenge authority. If the news was in print or on the radio, they believed it had to be true. They told their children and their children grew up to be the parents of the baby-boomers.

On April 14, 1937, the Prohibitive Marihuana Tax Law or the bill that outlawed hemp was directly brought to the House Ways and Means Committee. This committee is the only one that can introduce a bill to the House floor without it being debated by other committees. The Chairman of the Ways and Means, Robert Doughton, was a Dupont supporter. He insured that the bill would pass Congress.

Dr. James Woodward, a physician and attorney, testified too late on behalf of the American Medical Association. He told the committee that the reason the AMA had not denounced the Marihuana Tax Law sooner was that the Association had just discovered that marihuana was hemp.

Few people, at the time, realized that the deadly menace they had been reading about on Hearst’s front pages was in fact passive hemp. The AMA understood cannabis to be a MEDICINE found in numerous healing products sold over the last hundred years.

In September of 1937, hemp became illegal. The most useful crop known became a drug and our planet has been suffering ever since.

Congress banned hemp because it was said to be the most violence-causing drug known. Anslinger, head of the Drug Commission for 31 years, promoted the idea that marihuana made users act extremely violent. In the 1950s, under the Communist threat of McCarthyism, Anslinger now said the exact opposite. Marijuana will pacify you so much that soldiers would not want to fight.

Today, our planet is in desperate trouble. Earth is suffocating as large tracts of rain forests disappear. Pollution, poisons and chemicals are killing people. These great problems could be reversed if we industrialized hemp. Natural biomass could provide all of the planet’s energy needs that are currently supplied by fossil fuels. We have consumed 80% of our oil and gas reserves. We need a renewable resource. Hemp could be the solution to soaring gas prices.

THE WONDER PLANT

Hemp has a higher quality fiber than wood fiber. Far fewer caustic chemicals are required to make paper from hemp than from trees. Hemp paper does not turn yellow and is very durable. The plant grows quickly to maturity in a season where trees take a lifetime.

 

ALL PLASTIC PRODUCTS SHOULD BE MADE FROM HEMP SEED OIL. Hempen plastics are biodegradable! Over time, they would break down and not harm the environment. Oil-based plastics, the ones we are very familiar with, help ruin nature; they do not break down and will do great harm in the future. The process to produce the vast array of natural (hempen) plastics will not ruin the rivers as Dupont and other petrochemical companies have done. Ecology does not fit in with the plans of the Oil Industry and the political machine. Hemp products are safe and natural.

MEDICINES SHOULD BE MADE FROM HEMP. We should go back to the days when the AMA supported cannabis cures. ‘Medical Marijuana’ is given out legally to only a handful of people while the rest of us are forced into a system that relies on chemicals. Pot is only healthy for the human body.

WORLD HUNGER COULD END. A large variety of food products can be generated from hemp. The seeds contain one of the highest sources of protein in nature. ALSO: They have two essential fatty acids that clean your body of cholesterol. These essential fatty acids are not found anywhere else in nature! Consuming pot seeds is the best thing you could do for your body. Eat uncooked hemp seeds.

CLOTHES SHOULD BE MADE FROM HEMP. Hemp clothing is extremely strong and durable over time. You could hand clothing, made from pot, down to your grandchildren. Today, there are American companies that make hemp clothing; usually 50% hemp. Hemp fabrics should be everywhere. Instead, they are almost underground. Superior hemp products are not allowed to advertise on fascist television. Kentucky, once the top hemp producing state, made it ILLEGAL TO WEAR hemp clothing! Can you imagine being thrown into jail for wearing quality jeans?

The world is crazy…but that does not mean you have to join the insanity. Get together. Spread the news. Tell people, and that includes your children, the truth. Use hemp products. Eliminate the word ‘marijuana.’ Realize the history that created it. Make it politically incorrect to say or print the M-word. Fight against the propaganda (designed to favor the agenda of the super rich) and the bullshit. Hemp must be utilized in the future. We need a clean energy source to save our planet. INDUSTRIALIZE HEMP!

The liquor, tobacco and oil companies fund more than a million dollars a day to Partnership for a Drug-Free America and other similar agencies. We have all seen their commercials. Now, their motto is: ‘It’s more dangerous than we thought.’ Lies from the powerful corporations, that began with Hearst, are still alive and well today.

The brainwashing continues. Now, the commercials say: If you buy a joint, you contribute to murders and gang wars. The latest anti-pot commercials say: If you buy a joint…you are promoting TERRORISM! The new enemy (terrorism) has paved the road to brainwash you any way THEY see fit.

There is only one enemy; the friendly people you pay your taxes to; the war-makers and nature destroyers. With your funding, they are killing the world right in front of your eyes. HALF A MILLION DEATHS EACH YEAR ARE CAUSED BY TOBACCO. HALF A MILLION DEATHS EACH YEAR ARE CAUSED BY ALCOHOL. NO ONE HAS EVER, EVER DIED FROM SMOKING POT!! In the entire history of the human race, not one death can be attributed to cannabis.

Our society has outlawed grass but condones the use of the KILLERS: TOBACCO and ALCOHOL. Hemp should be declassified and placed in DRUG stores to relieve stress. Hardening and constriction of the arteries are bad; but hemp usage actually enlarges the arteries…which is a healthy condition. We have been so conditioned to think that: Smoking is harmful. That is NOT the case for passive pot.

Ingesting THC, hemp’s active agent, has a positive effect; relieving asthma and glaucoma. A joint tends to alleviate the nausea caused by chemotherapy. You are able to eat on hemp. This is a healthy state of being.

{One personal note: During the pregnancy of my wife, she was having some difficulty gaining weight. We were in the hospital. A nurse called us to one side and said: ‘Off the record, if you smoke pot…you’d get something called the munchies and you’ll gain weight.’ I swear that is a true story}.

The stereotype for a pothead is similar to a drunk, bubble-brain. Yet, the truth is one’s creative abilities can be enhanced under its influence. The perception of time slightly slows and one can become more sensitive. You can more appreciate all arts; be closer to nature and generally FEEL more under the influence of cannabis. It is, in fact, the exact opposite state of mind and body as the drunken state. You can be more aware with pot.

The pot plant is an ALIEN plant. There is physical evidence that cannabis is not like any other plant on this planet. One could conclude that it was brought here for the benefit of humanity. Hemp is the ONLY plant where the males appear one way and the females appear very different, physically!

No one ever speaks of males and females in regard to the plant kingdom because plants do not show their sexes; except for cannabis. To determine what sex a certain, normal, Earthly plant is: You have to look internally, at its DNA.

A male blade of grass (physically) looks exactly like a female blade of grass. The hemp plant has an intense sexuallity. Growers know to kill the males before they fertilize the females. Yes, folks…the most potent pot comes from ‘horny females.’

The reason this amazing, very sophisticated, ET plant from the future is illegal has nothing to do with how it physically affects us…..

POT IS ILLEGAL BECAUSE BILLIONAIRES WANT TO REMAIN BILLIONAIRES!

PS: I think the word ‘DRUGS’ should not be used as an umbrella-word that covers all chemical agents. Drugs have come to be known as something BAD. Are you aware there are LEGAL drugstores?! Yep, in every city. Unbelievable. Each so-called drug should be considered individually. Cannabis is a medicine and not a drug. We should DARE to speak the TRUTH no matter what the law is.

PS

In 2005, this writer penned ‘The Real Reason Marijuana is Illegal’ and it became (by far) my most popular article. Translated into Italian, French, Spanish, Russian, Swedish, Bulgarian and even Japanese, the responses were overwhelming. Its premise was ‘marijuana’ became illegal NOT because it was a danger to the mind and body.

No, the real reason is that Big Business wants us to use petrochemicals and fossil fuels. They have little interest in NATURAL solutions. THEY have suppressed the truth concerning cannabis and purposely created the ‘menace of marijuana.’ Why? So they remain high profiteers while destroying our environment in the process.

Once people read the news of what has been kept from them, the truth, the reactions were outrage and disbelief at our federal authorities. Hemp used properly for all of its INDUSTRIAL purposes, as it was always meant to be utilized, could…?

SAVE THE WORLD! We need not cut down another tree. We need not have to rely on Oil Companies anymore.

So many people wrote to me and said the suppression of hemp is ‘insane.’ Surely, governments know the potential of pot. They understand how cannabis hemp could solve the energy crisis; they know biodegradable plastics could be produced from the hemp plant; they realize it would be a safer, cleaner world filled with (inexpensive) quality products…if only we were federally given the green light to INDUSTRIALIZE HEMP!

Governments are well aware of the MEDICINAL value for ‘weed.’ New cloths, papers and plastics would be super durable. They could easily create nutritional FOOD products for a starving world. BUT…when did a better mousetrap ever see the light of day?

Now, with soaring gas prices bleeding us for every dollar inflating all prices, we need a cheap (renewable) fuel and energy source more than ever. Imagine hemp gas. The price of it would not be sky high since we have a limitless supply of hempen energy. Federal (guarded) hemp fields could be farmed and directed to produce a cheap/clean gasoline.

Hemp fibers and oil were utilized during WWII for rope-moorings, parachutes and lubrication. Why not use hemp gasoline NOW when we are at another critical point in time? Why does hemp technology remain clandestine?

Why is there a war in the Middle East over oil? Do you really think it’s a coincidence that George Bush is an oilman and remains steadfast against bringing our troops home? Hemp petroleum is the way to alleviate us from dependency on foreign oil. That is a wonderful dream, cannabis as the means to bring our troops home!

Email replies to the original article mainly asked WHY? Why don’t the authorities appreciate the profits to be made from hemp products? Money rules the world, so why don’t the industrialists make it legal? Tax hemp, regulate it, make it legal not for altruistic purposes but for their own high profits! The planet and its people would be much healthier. Why the HELL isn’t this done?

There are no easy answers. Generally, my reply to these readers scratching their befuddled heads was ‘secret societies.’ We are not educated on how the world really functions. We grow up watching movies and television where the good guys always win. We are trained to think that our government is good and out for the benefit of all. Films portray the heroes as CIA, FBI, NSA agents or obedient soldiers and police. We are given the false hope that governments care. Please do not be so naïve as to think this is true.

Power was never in the hands of the people. It is almost foolish to think that we, the general masses, control anything. Do you really think petitions work or writing to your congressional representative?

The truth is governments only care about themselves; we are their enemy and they need to control us (because we have the numbers) any way they can…with religion, bogus science, television, news, propaganda, commercials or via the abolition of MARIJUANA.

Instead of THEM industrializing hemp to save the planet…they have banned it. They have created a monster out of the very thing that is a precious gift to the world. NO, it does not make sense at all. However, it is understandable in the insane, Bizarro, backwards world that we live in.

Apparently, any good thing is always destroyed. (Ever hear of Nikola Tesla?) Why? The answer must be POWER and CONTROL. The ‘haves’ do not want to give anything to the ‘have-nots.’ These are policies from the Dark Ages; they remain alive and well to this day. Research Secret Societies and you might understand.

They invented the monster of MARIJUANA. (‘If we do not have an enemy, they will create one’). They had to change the word since the world would never have been turned against HEMP. For thousands of years going back to the wisdom of the Egyptians, hemp was employed for the betterment of the human race. Enter ‘marihuana’ in the 1930s; just when farm machinery improved that would have made hemp the first ‘billion dollar crop!’

Have we grown up enough to see that they have pulled the wool over our eyes? We can no longer afford to be silent lambs. We have to speak up loud and strong and do what we can to spread the truth. What can we do? Share the information, wake people up to the true facts and suppressed knowledge concerning hemp. Eventually, when the pro-hemp people become the large majority, then, the world will change for the better. In the end, we will win.

A very important aspect of those email responses to my original article came in the form of personal stories. These testimonials answer the question: Does hemp help or hurt? Now, this writer could not please everyone on such a controversial subject. Not all the emails contained high praise. There were those anti-hemp fanatics spouting rhetoric from every commercial from the ‘Partnership of a Drug-Free America.’ Some stated it causes ‘lung ’ as they tried to educate me on the ‘toxins’ in marijuana.

Well, there are no toxins in hemp. I would love to tell Judge Judy, who is always yelling for someone to take a hair follicle test, the reason why THC stays in your system for so long. (And it’s ‘hemp’ not ‘marijuana’). If it were a toxin, a poison or some foreign substance, the body would immediate reject it and expel it. The body does NOT.

It knows THC, the active ingredient of hemp, is GOOD. As mentioned before, there are essential fatty acids in hemp seeds. There are other sources in nature for these essential acids, but eating hemp seeds is a great source of (important) proteins. Our own bodies tell us the truth. Shouldn’t we listen to the truth within ourselves rather than the garbage broadcasted over television?

Seriously, the pro emails compared to the con emails ran 100 to one. For every one who blasted me, calling me names (these were from mainly young people)…there were about a HUNDRED administrators, educators, some scientists, activists and average people who related their (positive) private stories to me. Many claimed that normal medical procedures and doctors failed them miserably.

The ONLY relief from their illnesses was illegal hemp. Here is a peek into some of the best and positive emails over the last two years. They are anonymous and edited, but they are real with the date I received them:

6/20/05 I was diagnosed with an AVM (Arterio Venous Malformation), a neuro-illness that causes me to have fits. On my second appointment with my neuro surgeon we went through the list of narcotics I was using at the time (marijuana). With that she gave me a sly look and said ‘off the record Mr. ____, this will actually reduce your blood pressure and can only be beneficial for your epilepsy. But I didn’t tell you that.’

6/23/05 I took a college class in drug use, it was about street drugs, not pharmaceutical drugs. I learned that, at one time, marijuana was legal and was prescribed by MDs and dispensed by pharmacists for a variety of health problems – you know: HTN, insomnia, glaucoma, asthma, etc. I was told that the government decided to impose a $25 tax on MDs who prescribed it and a $35 tax on pharmacists who dispensed it. In protest, both groups elected to stop dealing with it.

In response, Pres. Harriman included marijuana in his of 1914: It was called the Harriman Act. They lumped it in as a class 4 narcotic meaning that there was no medical use for it, even though it’s not a narcotic and no one had any indication that it was harmful in any way. In the class, we were shown pictures, taken during the early part of the century, of children smoking a joint…which, we were told, they could purchase for 5 cents, OTC, at any pharmacy, perfectly LEGAL – they were called ‘muggles.’

6/18/05 You didn’t mention the most important reason why there is a continuing battle against legalization of marijuana, that is because it actually is used to treat sick people with successfully and with no serious side effects, something the legal drug industry hasn’t accomplished with all their patented expensive crap they call medication.

They don’t want to loose their chokehold on the billions of dollars they make with this phony medication that could be replaced with an herb anyone can grow in their backyard.

6/18/05 I have been smoking pot since 1962 and I am now 83. I wish I had started when I was a teenager. Good for you.

6/18/05 I have a lot of respect for cannabis as I have used it medically for a spinal injury for several years recently, when all else failed, as doctors gave me narcotic drugs to relieve pain, and these drugs never worked and I was in such severe pain even with their drugs. Cannabis was the only pain reliever that worked. I have done a bit of research myself and found that cannabis is listed under a narcotic and this must be taken off the list that the United States has placed it as narcotic as , heroin, cocaine is totally ridiculous and bogus.

I feel that if it was taken off the list and proved to the DEA, FDA, or whoever else…that it isn’t a narcotic then we can get some headway on this wonderful, helpful plant. If it wasn’t for cannabis I wouldn’t have healed…The AMA is the worst, the most horrendous of all, because they encourage the doctors to prescribe drugs that lead to the deterioration of the body. Yes, it is a conspiracy, from the beginning, that the corporations don’t want hemp to be grown. If they did, the logging industry would be wiped out. I live in southern Oregon and it is the biggest industry here…

6/19/05 I’m a 41 year old victim of Cystic Fibrosis, a genetic disease that kills people usually around 32 years old. I have the worst type of genetic mutation but still alive at the amazement of my Doctor. The reason? Maybe HEMP! I use it in a moderate way, around 2-3 times a week, usually eating it, and the benefit of that medicine is very good for me. Cystic Fibrosis kills people by pneumonia.

An effect of hemp is drying mucus secretion so it kills bacteria by starvation. Even better: an antioxidant property of hemp that prevents lung tissue degradation. Another characteristic of Cystic Fibrosis is destruction of the digestive system, especially pancreas, stomach, liver and intestine. That is appetite inhibiting. I’m often eating because of holy hemp. It avoids me from losing too much weight and helps my defense against the constant lung infection. If my doctor knew the truth, he’d surely start hemp harvesting for sure!

6/20/05 I am a Disabled Veteran who spent 17 years taking the VA’s Medication. I moved to Arizona; and a Pima Indian Medicine Man gave me an ‘herb’ to use as a tea to lower my blood pressure. Within 3 weeks it had

gone from 210/146 to 130/70. Obviously, I quit the Government Medication and I now participate in the interesting hobby of home gardening of herbal cures for the ills of mankind! By the way, just so you don’t think I’m ‘a doper,’ I served 8 years in the USAF, 2 years as a Palm Beach County FL Police Officer and then 17 years as a Paramedic. I have a Masters of Theology degree from Indiana Wesleyan University. Thanks for having the guts to publish THE TRUTH.

6/23/05 Doug, I also referred Montel Williams to your article about hemp ‘marijuana’ because he has multiple sclerosis and wants to legalize marijuana for medicinal purpose since it seems to help ms folks with pain. Since he has a TV talk show, I thought maybe he would give your article some publicity.

6/30/05 I am bipolar and when I smoke I am calmer then I am on my pills. I also have fibromyalgia and when in pain I grab my trusty friend Pot; it helps me function and eat. If I didn’t have it, I would be dead years ago. Some days I can hardly make it down the stairs because of the ache and pains in my joints. Also, I suffer from severe migraines where I can’t even open my eyes because I am light sensitive then my head pounds. I have been on many narcotics from vicodin to oxycottin and they all make me feel worse than smoking a damn joint.

Only in America would they make a plant so beneficial to humankind, the most dangerous ‘drug’ in all the land. If I didn’t go score I would be in pain and would never be able to walk out to get my mail. My fiancé gets upset since I can’t work but she knows I can’t help it. I want to work. I want to be the breadwinner of the family, but physically I cannot maintain standing for more than a few moments before I feel like I am passing out because of the pain.

I went to numerous doctors and told them that pot helps me…all of them said since I live in Ohio, they cannot do anything for me besides narcotics…but I cannot smoke a joint…that is rubbish in my book.

7/31/05 I don’t know if you have thought about this before, but after all the research I have done, it is my opinion that JFK was assassinated over hemp. He was a known user for his back pain, he fired Anslinger as soon as he got into office and it was said he was going to legalize it in his 2nd term. He never made it to his 2nd term. Maybe you can dig a bit more on your end and see what you come up with to support this theory of mine. It makes sense, don’t you think? Keep educating people one day at a time…it’s our only shot.

11/18/05 The actual truth that the oil giants do not want anyone to know is that most ‘non producing’ oil fields (for example, Derrick Island off Louisiana) have been found to have mysteriously refilled themselves after closing them down.

This is because the vast majority of oil is not biotic but abiotic. The planet’s crust produces billions of new gallons of crude annually and this is refilling the fields pumped out in almost every case. That is why Saudi Arabia just doubled the estimate of its known reserves over its predictions of 10 years ago.

The wells keep refilling themselves due to planetary mechanics. Biotic oil is a discredited theory. There was never enough biomass in any prehistoric period to produce the amount of petroleum we have already consumed on this planet to date.

1/7/06 The most important health benefits come from smoking (or otherwise consuming) hemp/cannabis plant material which contains high levels of the active ingredients (THC, etc.) The higher the level of active ingredients, the more medicinal and beneficial it is. This is highly effective medicine, with no negative side effects, which is being denied to people in desperate need because of a pack of lies!

12/10/06 Weed is unprocessed and natural, as opposed to other processed drugs. I have eaten hemp seeds and have even had hemp oil and see the unspoken benefits from them even before I was planning to research the subject.

12/10/06 Maybe by the time I retire I can smoke a joint in peace, not fearing the Police and my government. But, other times it just seems hopeless, but I refuse to believe that money is the most powerful force in our Universe…there must be some room for truth.

12/16/06 I am a recreational therapist working for a state operated drug treatment center. If I were to speak in these terms, I doubt I would remain in favor of those above me.

2/2/07 As a medical marijuana user for many years, I would not be here without it. I was a vegetable on the prescribed medication and don’t remember 2 whole years of my life while I was on morphine. Now I live a full and active life, running a business and bringing up a family. Is it too late to change views? I do hope not because it has so much to offer.

Above are some of the best comments from hundreds of replies. My article was far from perfect. I thank those more informed on plants than myself that told me there are other plants that physically reveal their sex such as the holly plant. Many criticized my belief that cannabis had an extraterrestrial origin. That conclusion came out of decades of studying our ancestors of prehistory.

My studies have shown a completely new genesis for the human race where we have lost great knowledge. (It may have been advanced HUMANS that created Earthly animals and plants). Cannabis Sativa and all of its infinite and vital uses may be evidence that some great intelligence (with a plan) manufactured it.

‘Chance’ cannot account for its abundant purposes. To some people, the existence of hemp might be proof of the existence of GOD! My articles explore multiple controversies and truths that will never be aired on television: https://www.world-mysteries.com/?s=Yurchey

Writing about hemp, answering the emails and the entire Internet experience has taught me that there are all kinds of people. You cannot please everyone. What was ‘brilliant’ to one person was contemptible to another. People ‘think’ they know the truth, but the truth is they only know what they have been programmed to think. Very few people do independent research.

That’s too much work; they prefer sitting back, watching TV and letting others do their thinking for them. They do not QUESTION what has been handed them. But, if they did explore other possibilities outside of the norm…if they dreamed of a different world…and entertained the idea that we have been lied to by our leaders…maybe we would learn a little and come closer to the FREEDOM that we all rightfully deserve. A cleaner, safer planet will happen. It may not be soon, but it will happen in time…

Dedicated to V for Vendetta and those with the courage to change the world for the better!

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How to Invest in Marijuana Stocks https://cannabisinfo.it/how-to-invest-in-marijuana-stocks/?lang=en https://cannabisinfo.it/how-to-invest-in-marijuana-stocks/?lang=en#respond Fri, 22 Mar 2019 02:17:07 +0000 https://cannabisinfo.it/?p=8080 How to Invest in Marijuana StocksThe is hotter than ever, with new deals announced almost every day, and merger and acquisition activity at an all-time high. As per Viridian Capital Advisors’ Viridian Cannabis Deal Tracker, investments in the industry surpassed $13.85 billion in 2018 — up from roughly $3.5 billion in 2017, and the average deal size stood above $23 million.

Beyond the figures, marijuana-related companies are really reaching the mainstream, with two big ETFs, the Horizons Marijuana Life Sciences Index ETF (OTC: HMLSF) (TSE:HMMJ) and the ETFMG Alternative Harvest ETF (NYSE:MJ) trading on major stock exchanges,  businesses like weed grower Cronos Group Inc. (NASDAQ:CRON) and cannabinoid-based biotech GW Pharmaceuticals PLC- ADR (NASDAQ:GWPH) listing on the Nasdaq, Canopy Growth (NYSE:CGC) trading on the NYSE, and Acreage Holdings (OTC: ACRZF) going after Super Bowl ads and getting political big guns like John Boehner and Bill Weld on board as advisors.

While smaller companies have delivered astronomic returns (and losses) in the past few years, more established ones have been performing steadily, in spite of the volatility inherent to he industry. Still, it’s hard to hash out the good companies.

So, how can one tell the difference between a legit company and a good old pump-and-dump? 

How to invest in Marijuana Stocks

At Benzinga, we strive to keep readers up to date with the latest news, stock picks, and expert commentary. But, as we continue to get the question about how you can invest in marijuana stocks, we’ve decided to put a brief guide together for you.

Before moving on, it’s important for readers to understand that investing in cannabis is not limited to growers or retailers. There are numerous companies providing ancillary services to the industry, as well as many derivative plays, like pharma and biotech companies making cannabinoid-based drugs and service/product providers that used to operate outside the marijuana industry but have gotten on board since .

The over-the-counter issue

While multiple states in the U.S. have legalized cannabis for either recreational or medical uses, allowing companies to thrive, the plant is still illegal on a Federal level – classified as a Schedule I by the DEA. This has made it difficult for most companies to get listed on the Nasdaq or the NYSE.

Seeking alternative avenues to raise capital, many businesses have gone public in Canadian exchanges, while others have done so by trading on over-the-counter U.S. exchanges. This means that many publicly traded cannabis companies are not subject to the same level of scrutiny that major exchanges and the SEC impose — although those trading on the TSX and CSE  are subject to heavy scrutiny.

“The over-the-counter exchanges present challenges. They’re not taken as seriously as the bigger exchanges, and they also allow for a greater degree of latitude in terms of the quality of the company that will trade on them. As a result, many of the companies (…) that have something to do with cannabis probably shouldn’t be there. They got there because entrepreneurs thought it was the only way they could get access to capital; there was somebody that had a publicly traded vehicle that seemed like it would be a good fit,” Leslie Bocskor, investment banker and President of cannabis advisory firm Electrum Partners.

Having said this, he added that not every OTC or penn stock is to be avoided at all costs. “There is a prejudice against low priced stocks that I think we need to get away from as an industry and start looking towards reverse splitting our stocks, having fewer numbers of shares and higher prices because the optics on it are better,” Bocskor voiced.

It takes a greater effort to read and comprehend the SEC filings, but the effort is worth it, as these give a more complete perspective of the fundamentals. Also, if the company doesn’t file with the SEC, you should probably not pay attention to it.

420 Investor Alan Brochstein seems to differ on this point. “It’s extremely important not to rely solely upon company press releases, as these are typically positive spins,” he says. “It takes a greater effort to read and comprehend the SEC filings, but the effort is worth it, as these give a more complete perspective of the fundamentals. Also, if the company doesn’t file with the SEC, you should probably not pay attention to it,” he suggests.

Take a look at Alan Brochstein’s 420 Investor course, where he shows you his real marijuana portfolio

How to hash out the bad weed stocks

So, we’re still faced with the same question as we were a few paragraphs ago: how does one pick good cannabis stocks and avoid bad ones?

While it is always recommended that retail investors do their own due diligence, going over hundreds of filings and corporate documents can be hard and time-consuming. Moreover, most people usually don’t have access to the resources needed to make an informed assessment of a company.

But there are options. One of them is investing in ETFs like the ones mentioned above: Horizons Marijuana Life Sciences Index ETF and the ETFMG Alternative Harvest ETFThese instruments make it easy to invest in cannabis stocks that have already been pre-selected by teams of analysts who’ve conducted the necessary due diligence and decided to include certain companies in these ETFs.

Another option for those looking to build out their own portfolios is recurring to investment advisors and stock pickers like Alan Brochstein or Jeff Siegel of Green Chip Stocks.

“A lot of the Canadian cannabis stocks are quite overvalued right now,” Siegel warns. “I’m telling my readers to start focusing on some US cannabis stocks, as this is the next big market. Companies like MariMed (OTC: MRMD) and Innovative Industrial Properties (NYSE: IIPR) are doing quite well as the US cannabis market becomes more attractive.”

Please note that these are examples; not recommendations.

The seven steps to retail investing

So, to make things simpler, here’s a list of seven steps you should be taking when investing in cannabis stocks – or any other sort of security, for that matter.

Step 1: the company

Always start by researching the company or companies you’ll be investing in. Check SEC filings and other documents required by diverse regulatory agencies. Also, read the latest news on these companies in site likes Yahoo Finance and Benzinga, and get a feel for the using Twitter or Stocktwits.

Step 2: Determine the amount to invest

As a rule of thumb, never invest more than you can afford to lose. While good research will often lead to strong returns, this will not necessarily be the case. Stocks are volatile and contingencies sometimes unpredictable.

In relation to this point, Brochstein says, “I find many people place too much confidence in just one or two ideas. In a start-up industry, which is what legal cannabis is in many ways, it’s not easy to pick the winners. If you go back to the late 1990s, a lot of the companies that many expected to be winners didn’t even survive three years. My longer-term focused model portfolios typically have a dozen names in them.”

Step 3: Decide on your timeline

Deciding on when to buy and when to sell is crucial. Try and figure out what your thresholds are beforehand. So, for instance, establish a rule: “if the stock falls below X or surges above Y, I’ll sell.”

Step 4: Pick a broker

Once you’ve gone through the initial steps, you’ll be ready to actually buy your shares. You can go old-school, with a brick and mortar broker like Scottrade or sign up for an online broker such as Ally Invest or E*Trade. Both options will allow you to buy and sell stocks once you’ve registered and funded your account.

Step 5: Buy the stock

This step may sound self-explanatory, but it’s a bit more complex than it seems.

“There are generally two types of ‘buy’ orders: market order and a limit order. A market order will execute the purchase at the present market price, while a limit order will only execute if the price falls at or below the limit price. Although a limit price might give an investor a lower price of entry, there is no guarantee that the limit order will execute,” Benzinga’s Thomas Rudy explains.

Step 6: Sell the stock

Once you feel you’ve generated enough returns from a stock, it’ll be time to sell. Again, you can sell the stock with a market order or a limit order. Use your proceeds to reinvest or just spend them. Life is meant for living!

Step 7: Check out Benzinga’s extensive cannabis coverage and 420Investor

Successful trading requires information and active engagement. Two things will help you achieve this: Benzinga’s Cannabis Newsdesk and the 420 Investor service.

Benzinga’s Cannabis Newsdesk will keep you up to date with the latest news on cannabis, hemp, and related businesses, as well as provide you with timely analysis of micro, macro and equity markets.

Alan Brochstein’s 420 Investor, a community for exclusive, objective information on how to invest into cannabis companies, will help you keep up to date with real-time data, advice, and analyses on the leading marijuana companies. 420 Investor includes the activity feeds, blog posts, chat rooms, educational videos and much more for investors to stay active within the cannabis market.

Trading around a core

One of the processes that have helped Brochstein perform well in his model portfolios has been what he likes to call “trading around a core.”“This strategy takes advantage of the inherent volatility in these stocks, The way it works is that you sell incrementally when the stocks are rallying or buy incrementally when the stocks are declining,” he explains.

“It’s important to make sure that the position deserves to be a holding, but if you are confident in the long-term prospects for the stock, varying your exposure can allow you to ‘buy the dip’ or ‘sell the rip’ and not get left on the sidelines or get buried if the stock moves higher after you trim your position or lower after you add to it. To be real clear, if you go ‘all in’ on a stock and make it 50% of your portfolio, what are you going to do if it drops further? If you sell out of what you think is a great long-term holding because it has reached a level you didn’t expect, will you then be willing to pay more to buy it back in the future if it never falls?”

Marijuana Stocks Watchlist

Last but not least, we’d like to share a list of some of the top marijuana stocks, those with market capitalizations above $300 million currently trading in U.S. exchanges. You can keep track of their performance every week in our Friday #PotStocksRecap.

  • Acreage Holdings (OTC: ACRZF)
  • Aphria Inc (NYSE:APHA)
  • Aurora Cannabis Inc (NYSE:ACB)
  • CannTrust Holdings Inc (OTC: CNTTF)
  • Canopy Growth Corp (NYSE:CGC)
  • Cronos Group Inc. (NASDAQ:CRON)
  • Curaleaf Holdings Inc (OTC:CURLF)
  • Green Organic Dutchman Holdings Ltd (OTC: TGODF)
  • Green Thumb Industries Inc (OTC: GTBIF)
  • GW Pharmaceuticals PLC- ADR (NASDAQ:GWPH)
  • Hexo Corp (NYSE:HEXO)
  • iAnthus Capital Holdings Inc (OTC: ITHUF)
  • Marimed Inc (OTC:MRMD)
  • MedMen Enterprises Inc. (OTC: MMNFF)
  • OrganiGram Holdings Inc (OTC: OGRMF)
  • Scotts Miracle-Gro Co (NYSE: SMG)
  • Tilray Inc (NASDAQ: TLRY)
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The history of cannabis prohibition https://cannabisinfo.it/the-history-of-cannabis-prohibition/?lang=en https://cannabisinfo.it/the-history-of-cannabis-prohibition/?lang=en#respond Tue, 19 Mar 2019 14:56:39 +0000 https://cannabisinfo.it/the-history-of-cannabis-prohibition/ Storia della proibizione della cannabis

The history of cannabis prohibition

  • Cannabis is undergoing an international regularisation process and an increasing number of countries and states are legalising medicinal and even recreational uses. However, there was a time when the situation was the exact opposite.
  • We are referring to cannabis prohibition, a chapter of our recent story that was the result of a number of factors and interests.
  • In this post we will have a chronological look at the historical facts that led to cannabis prohibition and at the main players involved in the process Are you ready to take a journey back in time? You won’t believe some of the reasons that triggered cannabis prohibition…

The United States played a major role in cannabis prohibition globally. Ironically, the country whose Declaration of Independence was written on hemp paper became cannabis’ worst enemy during the 20s and, taking advantage of its international hegemony, determined the prohibition of the plant globally.

BACKGROUND

For most of human history, marijuana has been completely legal. Documented uses of cannabis date back to 7000 BC and the plant has been widely used for textile, medicinal, recreational and religious purposes.

There is evidence that suggests cannabis originated in the Himalayas, from where it spread to the rest of the world. America was no exception and the first marijuana law, which ordered all farmers to the plant, was enacted in Jamestown Colony (Virginia) in 1619. In the next 200 years many similar laws came into force.

THE MEXICAN CONNECTION

At the turn of the XX century, the influx of Mexican immigrants into western states resulted in severe tensions. The Mexican revolution of 1910 was felt throughout the border states, with altercations between the armies of General Pershing and Pancho Villa. Later on, the use of Mexicans as cheap labour by major agribusinesses led to conflicts with smaller farms. The situation escalated with the advent of the .

Mexican immigrants introduced the custom of smoking cannabis, which was eventually linked to improper and even criminal conductThis appears to be one of the reasons why instituted its first prohibition law by including marijuana in the Act in 1913 and thus banning the “preparations of herb or loco-weed”.

This prohibition rush was soon joined by other states such as Wyoming (1915), Texas (1919), Iowa ( 1923), (1923), Oregon (1923), Washington (1923), Arkansas (1923) and (1927).

JAZZ AND ASSASINS

In the 20s cannabis and jazz travelled together from New Orleans to Chicago, and then to Harlem, where marijuana became an indispensable part of the music scene. Society started to link cannabis to a disorderly lifestyle and a well-defined profile – black, musician, criminal – and racism and fear joined forces against the plant, which became “a negro and Mexican thing” and was regarded as a dangerous drug that spurred users to commit heinous crimes, including killing another person without batting an eyelid.

ALCOHOL PROHIBITION AND FEDERAL APPROACHES TO DRUG PROHIBITION

During this time, the United States was also dealing with alcohol prohibition, which lasted from 1919 to 1933. Alcohol prohibition was implemented through an amendment to the constitution and even if many states had already outlawed cannabis, the substance could not be banned on the federal level irrespective of the fact that the Harrison Act (1914) had provided federal tax penalties for opiates and cocaine.

At the time, outlawing drugs on the federal level was somewhat complicated, so the decision was made to use federal taxes to reduce cannabis use. Those who didn’t follow the law found themselves in trouble with the Treasury Department. In 1930, a new division of this organism was established – the Federal Bureau of Narcotics – and Harry J. Anslinger was named director, marking the beginning of the all-out war against cannabis.

Anslinger was an extremely ambitious man, and he recognized the Bureau of Narcotics as an amazing career opportunity. He set himself the target of illegalising cannabis and run a sensationalist campaign stirring up fear and racism and linking cannabis to criminal conduct.

YELLOW JOURNALISM

Harry J. Anslinger got the valuable help of William Randolf Hearst, the owner of a financial empire that included a huge chain of newspapers and who had compelling reasons to support the cannabis prohibition. Thus, he used his newspapers as a sounding board of yellow headlines, creating what we now know as “social alarm”.

Hearst hated Mexicans for racist preconceptions but also because he had lost 800,000 acres of timberland to Pancho Villa. He had also made heavy inversions in the timber industry to produce paper for his newspapers, which had turned hemp paper into a really dangerous threat to his interests. Last, the lurid stories about Mexicans driven crazy by a devilish plant sold newspapers and brought benefits. Here is an example of the rhetoric he used to frighten the population and warn it of the alleged dangers of cannabis use:

“By the tons it is coming into this country – the deadly, dreadful poison that racks and tears not only the body, but the very heart and soul of every human being who once becomes a slave to it in any of its cruel and devastating forms…. Marihuana is a short cut to the insane asylum. Smoke marihuana cigarettes for a month and what was once your brain will be nothing but a storehouse of horrid specters.”

Aslinger and Hearst were joined by the chemical company , various pharmaceutical companies and the tobacco industry, each with their own private economic interests.

DuPont had patented, amongst others, neoprene (1930), nylon (1935), teflon (1937) and lycra (1959), all of them derived mainly from oil. It is no wonder why the company had little interest in developing the potential of cannabis, particularly as a clean and renewable source of natural, resistant, long-lasting fibre, a serious competitor to DuPont’s petrochemical, synthetic fibres.

anslinger

THE MARIHUANA TAX ACT OF 1937

All this set the stage for Ansliger to bring his bill before the congress committee in a remarkably short set of hearings. The only fly in Anslinger’s and his allies’ ointment was the appearance of Dr. William C. Woodward, who claimed that the American Medical Association (AMA) opposed to the legislation and complained about the lack of evidence supporting Anslinger’s theories.

Even if Woodward was the only dissenting voice in the Congress hearings that resulted in the adoption of the MARIHUANA TAX ACT, there was significant amount of research that refuted the theories of the FBN, particularly a study conducted in 1934 by Walter Bromberg that concluded cannabis was not the main cause of crime, in clear contrast with the views of the FBN. The study was particularly troublesome for the bureau for its remarkable efforts to directly link cannabis and violent crime.

Also worth mentioning is the fact the FBN never showed a scientific study of any kind during the Congress hearings, an instead resorted to sensationalistic articles and editorials mainly taken from Hearst’s newspapers.

In 1944, a few years after the adoption of the law, the mayor of New York city conducted the “La Guardia” report, which empirically disproved all the views of the FBN. The committee that instituted the study consisted of: three psychiatrists, two pharmacists, one public expert, the Commissioner of , the Commissioner of Hospitals and the Director of the Division of Psychiatry of the Department of Hospitals. Although the La Guardia report was by far the most reliable study conducted to that point on cannabis, it was dismissed by Anslinger and the FBN.

After the adoption of the Marihuana Tax Act, the FBN became the only authority with powers to allow studies on cannabis. Needless to say, many potential studies were ignored. Other to being devoid of scientific basis, the views of the FBN were deeply racist. As stated earlier, the bureau associated the use of cannabis to racial minorities, particularly Mexicans and Afro-Americans. In addition, Anslinger constant attack on jazz musicians was regarded as an attack on black culture as a whole.

CANNABIS AS A STEPPING STONE

In the 1950s, however, the FBN changed his approach and replaced it with a new one that linked cannabis use to heroin use. Cannabis was no longer a malevolent plant that drove users crazy and made them commit terrible crimes, instead it became a stepping stone towards heroin use.

Even if the FBN itself had carried out a study contradicting this theory – out of a sample of 602 people that used opiates, only 7% had used cannabis beforehand –, it continued to support its view.

Moreover, during the 1950sthe United States was deeply marked by anti-. The Cold War profoundly affected the American society and cannabis legislation was no exception. The new stepping stone theory was backed by the fact that heroin was portrayed as a means of communist China to degenerate Americans. In a context of collective fear and paranoiathe theory that linked cannabis use to China and heroin was widely accepted.

This idea of the communists using drugs to control Americans may seem irrational today, but during this period it was played up by both the FBN and the mass media. Indeed, major news organizations drafted alarmist headlines, with The Los Angeles Times screaming: “Dope’s Flow said to Have Red Backing”.

Even if no factual evidence supported this theory, the American society regarded it as proven fact and Anslinger continuously argued that communist China was using heroin and other forms of opiates as a means of subverting free countries, a position he defended before the United Nations as delegate to the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs in 1952.

In 1954, at another UN meeting, Anslinger accused communist China of being the primary source for illegal substances for the entire world, a statement supported by no evidence whatsoever.

The 1950s marked the beginning of the harsh drug laws we have today, a framework for stiffer penalties for cannabis use that categorized cannabis with other drugs such as heroin and cocaine. Two key pieces of legislation in the history of cannabis prohibition were the Boggs Act of 1951 and the Narcotics Control Act of 1956.

The Boggs Act represented the most punitive approach to cannabis in the plant’s history and was the first time that cannabis was lumped together with other drugs such as heroin and cocaine. This meant that sentences for cannabis use, sale or possession would be as harsh as if cocaine or heroin were involved. Another significant turning point that the Boggs act introduced was the mandatory minimum sentences, which limited the discretion available to judges punishing cannabis possession with a minimum of two years’ imprisonment and a 2,000 dollar fine. The new penalties introduced by the Boggs Act made no distinction between the user and the peddler or between possessing a gram of cannabis and a garage full of heroine.

After the adoption of the Boggs Act on 2nd November 1951, the FBN convinced many of the states to follow suit and expand their cannabis penalties. In fact, between 1953 and 1956, twenty-six states passed legislation raising drug penalties. Some states became so caught up that they soon had penalties stiffer than the ones passed by the Boggs Act. By 1956 Louisiana had the harshest drug penalties in the country with sentences from 5 to 99 years without the possibility of parole, probation or suspension of sentence for the sale, possession or administering of any drug.

This new legislative framework may seem too harsh today, but in the 1950s voices were raised to demand even harsher laws, leading to the adoption of the Narcotics Control Act, which made penalties for the possession, use or trafficking of drugs mandatory and eliminated parole.

In the early 70s, Richard Nixon declared war on drugs and identified them as public enemy number one. He adopted the Controlled Substances Act, which established the federal drug policy and regulated the manufacture, import, possession, use and distribution of certain substances, among which cannabis. Even now cannabis is still classified federally as Schedule I drug, it is considered to be as dangerous and as addictive as heroine and its medicinal use has not been accepted.

THE INTERNATIONAL ARENA

The United States played a major role in the control of drugs – including cannabis – prohibition eventually reaching the international arena. The current international drug control system is structured around three international treaties:

1. The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961: this international treaty was signed by 185 countries, who committed to review their domestic legislative framework to comply with the provisions of the convention. All the parties undertook an obligation to limit the use, possession and trafficking of narcotic drugs exclusively to medical and scientific purposes. Another major point was the increased control of raw materials such as the cannabis plant, the poppy plant and the coca bush. The convention included cannabis in Schedule IV, together with the most dangerous, less therapeutic substances.

2. The Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971: this convention has at its source the growing concern for the recreational use of synthetic psychoactive substances (LSD, MDMA, sedatives, anxiolytics and antidepressants). The signatory countries undertook to limit the use of these drugs exclusively to medical and scientific purposes and THC was classified as a Schedule I substance, considered to have little therapeutic valueand subjected to the most stringent controls.

3. The United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988: this treaty was merely punitive. While the two previous conventions focused on prohibition, this one urged the signatory countries to review their domestic legislation byestablishing penalties for the production and the trafficking of drugs, including the cultivation of the poppy plant, the cannabis plant and the coca rock for the production of narcotics.

In the last few decades, the United States has allocated more than 2.5 billion dollars to the implementation of its laws against drugs. As for cannabis, the restrictive policies appear to have had little effect. In fact, it is the world’s most commonly used illegal drug and, according to the World Drug Report 2015, nearly 183 million people used cannabis in 2014. The figures and the results of the new regulatory models for cannabis control speak for themselves. It may well be time to leave the old legislation behind and remember it was the result of biased information, moral preconceptions and false precepts. How long are we going to keep ignoring the elephant in the room?

infografia-historia-ilegalizacion-EN


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CBD for dogs: The Ultimate Guide https://cannabisinfo.it/cbd-for-dogs-the-ultimate-guide/?lang=en https://cannabisinfo.it/cbd-for-dogs-the-ultimate-guide/?lang=en#respond Sun, 17 Mar 2019 19:50:41 +0000 https://cannabisinfo.it/?p=7832 CBD for dogs: The Ultimate Guide

CBD refers to cannabidiol which is a certain compound found in cannabis referred to as a cannabinoid. Cannabis contains nearly 400 different compounds and many of those are specific to the cannabis species, these are what are known as . oil is special though as it is the key piece to many of the we know medical marijuana to produce.

The more research that is done on  CBD the more it seems capable of revolutionizing medicine as we know it for both humans and CBD oil for dogs. With that being said there is still plenty unknown and research is still being done all the time, so what do we know?

CBD for dogs is not Psychoactive! (it does not get your dog “high”)

Cannabidiol, unlike THC or Tetrahydrocannabinol, it will not produce any euphoric sensations. This is very important to the compound that makes it so special. Being an inert compound CBD users and hemp oil for dogs get many of the benefits of the medicinal aspects without the high of THC and this is huge for both a medical and a legal standpoint

Because of the lack of THC, Hemp oil is also healthy for pets to use!

CBD for dogs is not Psychoactive!

Is CBD Legal?

Because Cannabidiol or CBD doesn’t get you high it is legal almost everywhere. The illegal aspect of Cannabis is the THC, this is what gets tested for in tests. However, there is a difference between cannabis and hemp. Hemp has the ability to produce the THC free CBD oil for dogs which is the key.

Where medical marijuana may be illegal, low grade or non-THC Cannabidiol is oftentimes available. But what does CBD actually do?

How CBD interacts with the body

How CBD interacts with the body

As mentioned before there are many different Cannabinoid compounds with Cannabidiol being CBD. All of these cannabinoids interact with the body through what is referred to as the endocannabinoid system.

The Endocannabinoid system is a series of neurons that run throughout the body, and any Cannabinoids that the enter the body bind to receptors that can produce these different responses.

The cool thing is that humans are not the only species known to have this Endocannabinoid system. Many species have been shown in research to have these receptors that cannabinoids have an effect too. One of the more popular researched species is dogs who have been shown to have positive reactions to medical marijuana but THC can be toxic for, this is a place for CBD oil for dogs to shine.

The Benefits of CBD for dogs

What are the benefits of CBD for dogs? There are a plethora of benefits from CBD oil that are all similar to medical marijuana through research that is still being done today. There is strong research that these Hemp oils can stop seizures in dogs like the one found in this article from a 2012 Study.

Most people utilize CBD oil for dogs to help with problems and pain relief in dogs.

The Benefits of CBD for dogs

Although research is still being done there are also links to CBD possibly reducing neurological diseases like Alzheimer and . Along with these, CBD oil for dogs has links to possibly helping:

  • Arthritis
  • Seizures
  • Cancer
  • Anxiety

just to name a few, through the endocannabinoid system.

Here are more studies to check out about the effects of CBD oil for dogs:
2019 study by the University of Reading, the University of Washington, and Cambridge
2016 article by Davis MP

CBD products available

CBD products available

There is a multitude of CBD products for dogs and humans alike. And the list keeps growing. hemp oil products are a hot commodity and people have caught on to this. With products including lotions, face masks, edibles, and bath bombs there is no limit to the way you get your dose of CBD. However, the most popular way of consuming CBD is through oils. the best CBD oils for dogs and humans come in many forms taken like a liquid medicine or infused into a product likecoconut oil.

Another great CBD product for dogs is….


CBD oil for dogs: the many options

There are two main CBD oils for dogs, CBD isolate, and Full-spectrum CBD oil. Many consumers are split on what they like better so I will cover both. Along with this the way Hemp oil is extracted can also affect the product as well.

CBD Isolate

CBD isolate for dogs is exactly how it sounds, it is just pure CBD with no additives or extra ingredients. Some people prefer this type of oil because they want to make sure they are getting the CBD with no other effects. It is often times to make sure they are only getting the CBD.

Full-Spectrum CBD oil

Full-spectrum CBD and hemp oil for dogs is sometimes preferred due to its “entourage” effect. These oils have other ingredients that can enhance the CBD. These hemp oils can include ingredients to help with Anxiety, pain, and many other problems experienced by users.

CBD Extraction base

CBD can come from both the Cannabis and hemp plant, and knowing the difference is big when selecting an oil. Marijuana-based oils can contain THC often in smaller amounts but ultimately still a toxin to humans and potentially fatal to dogs. Hemp-based are THC free and found more common due to the legality aspects and along with this can be used by pets to cure some of their aliments as well.

Ultimately, CBD is a form of medical marijuana that takes out the THC to create a nontoxic form. There are many uses for these Hemp oils and helping our furry friends is a great place to start. Whether this article helped you decide you want to try CBD for your dog or yourself you now know what they are all about. A lot of good can come from CBD for dogs, and the benefits they can carry.

SitStay has been your working dog supply headquarters since 1995. From service dog vests, dog beds, and working dog equipment, to dog treats and dog supplies. We’ve got you covered

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HOW TO MAKE MARIJUANA MARGARITA AT HOME https://cannabisinfo.it/how-to-make-marijuana-margarita-at-home/?lang=en https://cannabisinfo.it/how-to-make-marijuana-margarita-at-home/?lang=en#respond Sat, 16 Mar 2019 18:26:48 +0000 https://cannabisinfo.it/how-to-make-marijuana-margaritas-at-home/ HOW TO MAKE MARIJUANA MARGARITAS AT HOME

HOW TO MAKE MARGARITAS AT HOME

What can be better than sipping a frosty Margarita on a hot summer day? Well, easy answer: A pot-infused Marijuana Margarita! Check out this easy recipe!

Even if you are not a fan of mixed drinks, you have to admit that margaritas are awesome. If you agree that there can’t be anything better than the refreshing mix of and lime juice on a hot day, get ready to be proven wrong! Marijuana takes it to a whole new level!

Here is a fantastic Marijuana Margarita recipe that’s very simple. In the first part of the recipe, we show you how to infuse Tequila with some good ; in the second part, we show you how to make and serve the drinks.

ACTIVATING YOUR :

Before we begin, the first thing you need to do is decarboxylate your cannabis. This is the process of heating it up to activate the THC and other cannabinoids within. Without this process, your margarita will have no cannabis kick to it.

Fortunately, the process is simple. Pre- your oven to 120°C. While heating up, spread out your cannabis over a baking tray, then bake it in the oven for 27 minutes. Once done, all of those lovely cannabinoids will be active and ready for use in your drink !

INGREDIENTS:

Tequila (White works best)

One large jar with lid

Some weed (ground trim or bud shake) to fill about ¾ of your jar

Four limes

A jar of honey

Margarita glasses

Blender

Grater

Ice cubes

Coarse salt

PART I: HOW TO INFUSE THE TEQUILA WITH MARIJUANA

1. Take the Mason jar and fill it to about three-quarters full with some of your favourite weed. I found that bud shake or ground trim works nicely for this. Pour enough tequila into the jar to cover your weed, then close the jar up. Shake your jar well to evenly distribute the marijuana and the tequila.

2. Find a cool and dark spot where you can place the jar and allow the mix to steep for several weeks. We recommend a minimum of one week for steeping; three weeks is optimal. Periodically shake the jar during this time.

After you’ve left the jar sitting for the recommended time, strain the mix. A coffee filter does the job nicely. Your weed infused tequila should have a nice golden colour when it’s ready.

3. Some may prefer regular tequila instead of white, but this will make the process slightly more difficult. Regular tequila is already dark, so you will not know when it’s ready steeping just from looking at it. However, the main reason that we recommend white tequila is that it allows you to make a nice greenish drink at the end, keeping in theme!

Once you strained your cannabis-infused tequila, pour it in a bottle.

PART II: HOW TO MAKE YOUR MARIJUANA MARGARITAS

1. In a blender, put 1-2 cups of ice cubes together with 4-8 tablespoons of honey.

2. Squeeze 2-3 fresh limes and add their juice into the mix.

3. Now take the pot-infused tequila that you made earlier, and add to the mix according to your taste. More pot tequila means a stronger drink.

4. Turn on the blender and blend until smooth.


SERVE YOUR MARIJUANA MARGARITAS

Margaritas are traditionally served with chilled glasses. You can chill the glasses in the fridge while you prepare your Margarita mix. Some like their Tequila with a salt rim, others without. If you want to serve Margaritas in the traditional way with salt, slightly dip the rims of the glass in some water and afterwards onto a plate where you sprinkled some salt.

For serving, cut another lime into thin slices and cut a small notch into each. Put a slice of lime over the rim of each glass. Fill the glasses with your Margarita mix.

If you want, you can also grate some lime zest and decorate the top of each drink with it.

Serve and enjoy your awesome marijuana Margaritas!

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Maximum Yield Cannabis USA March/April 2019 https://cannabisinfo.it/maximum-yield-cannabis-usa-march-april-2019/?lang=en https://cannabisinfo.it/maximum-yield-cannabis-usa-march-april-2019/?lang=en#respond Thu, 14 Mar 2019 16:01:11 +0000 https://cannabisinfo.it/?p=7719 Maximum Yield Cannabis USA March/April 2019Maximum Yield USA March/April 2019

Published on , language — English. 76 pages.

However you prefer your edibles — sweet, savoury, pastries, or even in beverages — proper culinary preparation will go a long way in helping people enjoy this new and legal wave of cannabis. In this month’s issue of Maximum Yield Cannabis, Watermelon shares her baking with cannabis secrets, so others can make healthy, safe, and delicious edibles. She provides insight on sourcing the best , measuring dosage, shelf life, and other things to consider when making your own edibles.

All plants, including cannabis, require certain essential to healthy, strong, and productive. Chris Bond identifies these , how much are needed, and their role in development so you can grow the most fruitful cannabis plants.

Also inside: 4 Tips for Rookie , Bud in Bubblers, Set Up Your Own Screen of Green, and more!

Maximum Yield Cannabis is an educational resource for the cannabis grower, with how-to advice on everything from seed to and extraction, including on different strains and ways to medicate or recreate. Maximum Yield Cannabis helps you cultivate a healthy life for you and your plants.

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HOW MANY PLANTS TO GROW PER SQUARE METER https://cannabisinfo.it/how-many-plants-to-grow-per-square-meter/?lang=en https://cannabisinfo.it/how-many-plants-to-grow-per-square-meter/?lang=en#respond Thu, 14 Mar 2019 09:56:47 +0000 https://cannabisinfo.it/?p=7712 HOW MANY PLANTS TO GROW PER SQUARE METER

HOW MANY PLANTS TO GROW PER

HOW MANY PLANTS TO GROW PER SQUARE METER – Congratulations on committing to cannabis cultivation. Now you need to settle upon the right number of cannabis plants to grow. We’ve got practical advice you can use whether you plan on growing just one plant, or as many as you possibly can fit in the grow space

 

HOW MANY PLANTS TO GROW PER SQUARE METER?

Before you get your grow on, you need to have a plan and a timetable. First, you need to establish the size of the available grow space. Grow tents come with exact dimensions on the box. However, if you are building your own grow box, or converting a whole room into a grow-op, you need to first take measurements. Next, you must decide how much light you can put down while still maintaining optimal environmental conditions. We will breakdown the key factors to consider when choosing grow lights a little later.

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Perhaps the most important question the grower needs to ask him/herself is; how much time can I commit to cannabis cultivation? Work, family, and social commitments can make growing a difficult balancing act. A large sativa plantation will be far more time-consuming to maintain than a couple of  autoflowering plants in a wardrobe.

The you choose and your preferred grow style will ultimately determine how long it takes to bring your crop to harvest. Precisely how many plants to grow is a personal choice. But the following will help you discover your indoor magic number.
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HOW MUCH LIGHT DOES MY GROW-OP NEED?

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It’s not as simple as purchasing as many of the most powerful grow lamps you can get your hands on. Every grow space is different. But two factors always need to be tightly controlled and constantly monitored. Temperature and relative humidity (RH) are the key environmental conditions the indoor grower regulates. You need the right tools. Invest in intake fans, extractor fans, and if available, air-con or heating.

HID – HIGH INTENSITY DISCHARGE

HID lamps are a great source of illumination for the grow room and still favoured by most . Unfortunately, MH and HPS lamps run hot and will significantly increase your power bills, too. One 400-600W bulb per m² is a good rule of thumb. Although, you may need to scale down to a 250W bulb. Consider improving side reflection with Mylar sheeting if you can’t keep temperature and RH dialled-in. Using high-powered old-school lighting necessitates the use of more powerful fans and possibly air-con, or else the grow-op may run too hot.

LED – LIGHT EMITTING DIODE

Modern LED grow lights run much cooler and more efficiently than HID. The main drawback with next-gen LED is the substantial required for a decent high-quality kit. Over the long-term, you can recoup with the savings you make on the power bill. Choose your LED kit carefully as not all LED’s are created equal. At present, 3W diodes and COB appear to be the most promising technologies. Less heat and more usable light per watt can also save you some money when it comes to selecting fans to regulate airflow.

CFL – COMPACT FLUORESCENT LIGHT

CFL can only take you so far. Sure, they are economic and efficient, but only to a point. In this writer’s opinion, cool white CFL is fine for vegetative growth and rooting clones, but nothing more. Using CFL’s alone for the bloom phase is not recommended. However, adding CFL as a supplement to HPS during bloom can be a winning combination.

 

HIGH VOLUME CULTIVATION: (SOG) SEA OF GREEN

The sea of green method (as the name implies) is all about packing all of the available floor space in the grow-op with plants. Typically, photoperiod clones or autoflowering strains are used to achieve a consistent, controlled outcome. This technique is fast and very high-yielding. Rooted cuttings get from 1-2 weeks of vegetative growth before the switch to standard 12/12 flowering of 8-10 weeks. On the other hand, autos can be kept on a consistent 18/6, 20/4, or 24/0 schedule and be ready for harvest in 8-10 weeks from . There is no time for pruning or , nor is it needed.

As plants are not given time to branch out, many short plants with chunky main colas are the objective. Approximately 4-16 plants per m² can be cultivated under 400W HPS, sown in 5-12l containers. Watering by hand can be very time-consuming with such large numbers. Many prefer hydroponics kits with automated feeding systems when cultivating many plants. A well-run SOG grow-op can deliver 4-6 500g/m² harvests per year.

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PRUNING AND TRAINING FOR MAX YIELD

If you want to keep the number of cannabis plants to a minimum and still get maximum yield from your grow space, then you need to apply yield-boosting techniques. You have two choices; pruning and training. Of course, you can do both. In fact, we highly recommend combining methods for best results.

TOPPING & FIMMING

The most common pruning-for-yield methods are topping and fimming. By pruning the main stem and breaking the apical dominance, bigger yields can be achieved. This is done either with a clean cut by “topping,” or a pinch leaving 25% of the main tip via the “fimming” method. Plants will bush out and develop multiple main colas instead of just one. Both methods can be applied repeatedly depending on how much lateral space you wish to fill.

Remember, each time you prune marijuana, you must allow recovery time. The cost of these pruning-for-yield methods is indeed time itself. Expect an extended vegetative growth cycle. 6-8 weeks will be required for two well-pruned bushes to fill out 1m².

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LST – LOW STRESS TRAINING

LST or low stress training is a beginner-friendly training technique that, like the two aforementioned pruning methods, works well with a ScrOG or screen of green technique. By bending or tying stems during vegetative growth, the grower can manipulate the plant to grow more like a bush. 2-4 plants can effectively fill 1m². Recovery time is just a few days and this method even works with autoflowering strains.

 

SCROG – SCREEN OF GREEN

Experienced growers that have mastered one or more of the above techniques can further increase the yield of any grow space by combining pruning and training with a ScrOG. Weaving shoots through a screen from vegetative growth to week 3 of bloom is the professional way to utilise grow space where it counts most. Keeping exclusively main colas directly under the sweet-spot of your light is what ScrOG is all about.

All growth below the screen is pruned away to focus plant energy on bud . 8 weeks or more of vegetative growth and daily maintenance are required, but even an individual plant can produce a scale-tipping harvest to match a SOG in an organised, cola-packed ScrOG.

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