Cannabis Info Point
This September, the largest legal medical cannabis crop in Southeast Asia was planted at Thailand’s Maejo University, in its medical-grade greenhouse. The crop is made up of 12,000 cannabis sprouts, which will be cultivated and to turned into cannabis oil.
The Bangkok Post reports the crop is the first-ever done to industrial scale in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. In theory, the crop will be able to produce ... Read More
Companies vying to be the biggest cannabis producer in America or Canada are wasting their time and suffering from a crippling lack of vision. The real play is to make a bid to become the worldwide leader in global cannabis exports — like firms in Jamaica and Lesotho as well as Canada are attempting to do — and the window of time to get in is closing fast, according to one entrepreneur with clear-cut plans to curb that market.
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Not since the Beatles showed up in America has a fad as popular as cannabidiol (CBD) made the country swoon. The cannabis compound, while it does not have the power to get the user stoned, has gained a significant amount of notoriety over the past few years as an alternative to medicines designed to snuff out pain, anxiety and depression. This in spite of the fact that there isn’t a heck of a lot of evidence showing how it actually works... Read More
We are rapidly approaching that dreadful time once again: cold and flu season. All one has to do is spend a few hours in an airport — a petri dish inside the global travel system — and it becomes painfully evident by all the coughing and wheezing whipping about the terminal that it won’t be long before some kind of sickness puts us flat on our back. And that almost guarantees we will suffer fever, chills, and uninspired coughing fits, ca... Read More
In the decades since the medical marijuana movement began in earnest in the 1970s, cannabis has been anecdotally touted as an effective treatment for a variety of illnesses, including those impacting brain function, such as seizures, anxiety and depression. However, peer-reviewed research into the plant’s benefits remained stunted thanks to federal cannabis prohibition. But in recent years, new research both in the U.S. and abroad is finding... Read More
Over the years, cannabis growers have been planting weed indoors. The major contributor to this trend was escaping the prying eyes of the law. However, even with several States and Countries adopting to the legalization of marijuana, this trend is not changing as farmers figured out that by planting indoors they can better control the planting environment leading to a good harvest.
One of the significant components that need control is the type and amount of light that the plants receive. Technology has not been shy in this field as advancements have seen indoor growers shifting from traditional HID and MH lights to new LEDs in their search for a cost-friendly alternative.
However, the search for finding a cheaper alternative, most of the time, has led farmers to make the wrong decisions leading to losses in the form of dead plants. Cheap can sometimes be expensive. If you want an affordable lighting solution that will deliver the results you want, you may consider construction your DIY grow lighting system. But how?
If you are a serious indoor gardener, with just a little understanding of light and the color spectrum that plants require, you can construct a lighting system that provides only value to your plants.
Benefits of Constructing your Own Grow Light System
Some advantages follow when you construct your own grow light system. Such include;
- The grow lights are easy to set up and breakdown when you want to move them or when you no longer need them.
- They are very cost-friendly compared to the grow lights you have to purchase when entirely constructed.
- You will use readily available parts that you can salvage from large departmental stores or online at a bargain.
- You will not have to replace most of the elements that you assemble, apart from the light bulb you choose which you have to replace depending on the recommended working period.
- You can customize your lighting system to cover the whole area in your grow room and deliver light to all the plants in the area.
Here is what you will need to set up your system.
Materials Needed for your DIY Grow Light
- A metallic shelf system
- A bag of zip ties
- Power strip
- Light bulbs- you can choose between fluorescent lamps and LED light. However, you should note that LED lamps are quite pricy, but they deliver far better results. For the fluorescent bulbs, you can choose to go with a combination of warm and cool tone Fluorescent lamps while for the LED lamp a 60W full spectrum LED strip
- A surge protector
- A digital Timer
Setting up Your DIY Grow Light
Installing the Shelf
The metallic shelf is an essential piece of your grow room. It is where you will get to place your seedlings and watch them grow. You should assemble the shelving units and place it in the middle of the grow room to give you access from all the sides.
Assembling the Lights
When using a fluorescent lamp, you should set up one warm and one cool bulb in one lighting fixtures and hang it along the lengths of the shelves. Ensure that all the shelves have light bulbs that alternate from warm to cool and are parallel to each other.
The S-hooks will help you to attach the lights on the shelf. You can use an adjustable chain link to give you control over the distance you want the light to be above your plants.
When using an LED strip light, you can tie one strip per shelf. However, what matters the most is the distance away from the plants. When planting seedlings, you can place them 24 to 28 inches above, and 12 to 18 inches above if the plants are mature and in their flowering or fruiting stage.
Plugging the Lights
Before you connect the lights to the mains socket or extension cable, you should plug its cable to the surge protector, then to the power outlet. You can use the zip ties to bind up any excess cable lines to make the room look neat.
You can program a timer and set the hours you want the lights to be on every day. Finally, you can turn the entire lighting system on and watch your plants grow and thrive.
Setting up your own grow light system for an indoor garden is not only cheap but easy to accomplish. The most significant area that you need to put much consideration is selecting the right bulb that will provide your plants with the required light. We recommend using a combination of cool white and warm white fluorescent bulbs as they can both provide you with a light that mimics the entire spectrum of the sun. It will lead to healthy growing plants and eventually, a bountiful harvest. If you have any questions about how to set up your lighting system, contact us today, and we will respond to you happily.
In the 55 years since he first isolated D9-tetrahydrocannabinol (better known today as THC) with colleagues Dr. Yehiel Gaoni and Dr. Haviv Edery at Israel’s Weizmann Institute of Science, Dr. Raphael Mechoulam has been the absolute leader in the science of cannabis. He basically started that science from scratch with 5 kilos of Lebanese hash the police donated to his research after Mechoulam’s boss put in the request.
Even all these years later, when Mechoulam talks pot, the cannabis world stops with its ears wide open. This latest announcement from the legendary scientist was no different.
On Sept. 23 at the CannMed conference in Pasadena, California, Mechoulam was the main event. In his keynote, he went into deep detail on the science and chemistry of his latest work. That work was described by Health Europa as building a new family of synthetic, stable cannabinoid acids molecules. Mechoulam reported that the new cannabinoids have also shown a higher potency than their all-natural peers. With that extra kick, the new cannabinoids showed a lot of promise for increased therapeutic effects.
Some of the research Mechoulam discussed included a new cannabidolic acid called HU-580. Mechoulam believes the new compound could be more effective than CBD at treating conditions like depression.
“There are many things that are still not known in the field of cannabis. The plant produces a group of compounds called cannabinoid acids. The acids were not investigated until recently, not very thoroughly at least, because they are not stable; they break down,” Mechoulam said, according to Health Europa.
He went on to speak on the demands of the pharmaceutical space directing his work in recent years. So much of his career for the last century was about discovery, now it’s moving into a phase where he is attempting to maximize the benefits of those discoveries.
“Collaboration is absolutely a necessity. Cannabis and cannabinoids are not a tiny project — one compound for one disease — however, I show that it is really a very, very wide field of research,” Mechoulam said. “We need good new drugs in a large number of fields, and this is an open field for new drugs, new preparations. I believe there will be a lot of work in this field over the next decade or so, or maybe two decades.”
One of the companies in the U.S. working on synthetic cannabinoids is Demetrix, where the phrase “synthetic cannabinoid” is kind of a trigger word in their office, due to the fact that media reports have routinely mislabeled street drugs like Spice and K2 as “synthetic cannabis” or “synthetic marijuana.” Demetrix is licensed by the DEA to do research with pure cannabinoid compounds. The ultimate goal for them, company reps say, is to get to a scalable cannabinoid production method that will allow researchers not to rely on the inferior cannabis coming out of the National Institute on Drug Abuse’s farm at the University of Mississippi. Then, they’d obviously be well-positioned for wider applications for cannabinoids in the medical and cosmetic space in the future.
“The way we look at it from an economics perspective, should we work on the cheaper stuff or the more expensive hard-to-have stuff? The answer is you start with the harder-to-access stuff,” Demetrix’s CEO Jeff Ubersax told Cannabis Now. “I’d say of the hundred-plus cannabinoids, there is probably only 10 right now we could get in bulk. There are lots of those other ones we really can’t get to, that’s where we start.”
Like Mechoulam, Demetrix is synthesizing new cannabinoids, but they’re keeping their cards a bit closer to their chest than the pioneering scientist. Nevertheless, there is little doubt that the wider cannabis industry will have to reckon with the methods being developed by Mechoulam, Demetrix and a handful of other companies working on synthetic cannabinoids.
TELL US, would you consume synthetic cannabinoids?
The post The Scientist Who Identified THC Is Now Working on Synthetic Cannabinoids appeared first on Cannabis Now.
As the cannabis landscape continues to evolve and more products to consume cannabis hit the market, you can be sure G Pen will be at the helm of innovation — the new Connect is no exception.
The G Pen Connect is an ultra-compact portable attachment that converts any glass water piece into a dab ring. The result is pure, clean and powerful vapor from your favorite concentrates, without the hassle of a torch and exposed nail.
A powerful ceramic element offers near instant heating and Grenco Science’s patented reverse-airflow technology vaporizes concentrates evenly and efficiently. Designed for true tastemakers, the Connect has three temperature settings, enabling you to enjoy your preferred heat, taste and concentrate preferences. It also has an extended draw mode for those who like extra-large hits.
Innovative design makes the Connect easy to use. To start, simply place the glass connector into the bong. Then, drop your favorite concentrate into the chamber and replace the cap. Attach the snap-in magnetic battery, set your temperature preference and wait 5 seconds for heat. A spring-loaded carb release button creates instant airflow, so you can effortlessly clear the chamber.
Glass-on-glass attachments are available in three sizes; 10mm, 14mm and 18mm, making it compatible with virtually all water pipes and female-jointed rigs.
Free from the hassle of wires and cords, the G Pen Connect battery is packed with 850mAh of power. So, although small, the device is capable of driving several back-to-back sessions while supporting pass-through charging whenever needed.
Each kit contains one G Pen Connect battery, connect tank, 14mm male glass adapter and connector, a Micro USB to USB charging cable and thee replacement O-rings. For added convenience, each kit comes standard with a hemp travel case so you can safely take it wherever you go, making storage and transportation just as easy as using the Connect itself.
TELL US, what’s your favorite way to enjoy cannabis?
The post The G Pen Connect Converts Bongs to Rigs in an Instant appeared first on Cannabis Now.
Got drug testing? Hopefully TCHCOOH doesn’t love you too much, because it can produce false positives for at least 1 month.
We have already reported at VV about how drug tests can be unreliable, producing false positives. Now, new research indicates that even after not using for an entire month, it’s possible to drug test positive for cannabis.
Most drug tests that look for cannabis analyze urine for a compound called 11-nor-9-carboxy-tetrahydrocannabinol (THCCOOH). The liver produces THCCOOH as it metabolizes tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the compound in cannabis that is psychoactive and produces head effects.
But no one really knows how long THCCOOH persists in the human body. This and the potential for false positives was the basis of this new research.
False Positives for THC in the Body
70 cannabis smokers between the ages of 15 and 25 were selected for the study. The researchers cited this choice based on the age range being “the most frequent users of cannabis.” The aim was to determine how long the team would be able to detect THCCOOH in the subjects’ urine samples.
All participants consumed cannabis on Day One of the study, but abstained afterwards. The scientists used other biochemical tests to confirm that the subjects were not using cannabis in any form during the study. Researchers tested their urine every few days.
Disturbingly, after one month without using cannabis, the researchers still saw false positives, detecting THCCOOH in 40 percent of urine samples! Fully 20 percent of the samples had enough THCCOOH to fail a typical drug test for federal employment.
This led the team to stop the research before determining the maximum time the compound might persist. After all, the basic conclusion is obvious regardless: more research is needed to produce drug tests that are actually accurate and are “best equipped to confirm abstinence.”
If You Need a Drug Test
So, what should you do if you have a drug test coming up?
First of all, stay calm. Realize that false positives on drug tests are very common. For example, most medical, healthcare information, and drug information websites all have detailed information on the many OTC medications and other compounds that can cause false positives.
Second, know your rights. Some employers are willing to talk about this issue, because they already know that realistically there is a lot of variation from test to test and person to person. Before you speak to an employer about it, know your state’s laws on drug testing.
And of course watch for more information on vaping and legal rights.
THC, CBD and other cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant used to get the most press about their potential medical efficacies, but lately, terpenes are coming into the spotlight thanks to their role in controlling your cannabis experience. You can think of cannabinoids as the gas pedal and terpenes as the steering wheel — it’s the terpenes that determine where you’re going.
Terpenes are the compounds responsible for most of the scent and taste of plants such as lavender (linalool), rosemary (alpha-pinene) and hops (myrcene) and even cannabis. True Terpenes is an industry leader in supplying terpenes to brands in the cannabis, cosmetic, supplement, food or beverage fields.
However, the cannabis plant is actually much more complex than just cannabinoids and terpenes. What does that mean? We’re talking about things like esters, ketones, flavonoids and other compounds that create the flavors, aromas and tastes that are found in cannabis and other plants.
Terpenes may be the favorite aromatic compounds at the Portland-based terpene-blend-creating company True Terpenes, but they’re not the only compounds that do the trick. For example, esters are known for being found in pineapple and are also responsible for those same flavor notes in several cannabis varieties. However, while terpenes are heavily explored and variations in cultivars have been noted, there is still a lot of unknowns in regard to the diversity of these remaining compounds in cannabis.
“We love the cannabis plant and all the diverse compounds that can be found there,” True Terpenes Founder Ben Cassiday said. “The entire spectrum of compounds is why the entourage effect is so powerful.”
True Terpenes’ new infused strain profiles bring these added dimensions of flavor and effects by infusing terpene profiles with these additional compounds, gathered from other botanical sources. You can taste the extra layers of citrus in the Forbidden Fruit or the sweet chocolate mint of Thin Mint Cookies. The newest offerings in the Infused line up are Lemon Jack, Strawberry Cough, Grape Ape, Maui Wowie, and Purple Punch.
Utilizing the added ketones, esters, flavonoids and other phytochemicals has also unchained True Terpenes’ team of “terpigicians” to explore a whole new world of flavor. These explorations have led to some of the most nuanced profiles available. It also led to the creation of an entirely new product category at True Terpenes: TERP Flavors.
TERP Flavors are a terpene-based flavor solution similar to True Terpenes’ Strain Profiles, except with a focus on more common flavors like green apple or grape instead of mimicking cannabis flavor, like Granddaddy Purple or OG Kush. Terp Flavors also contain a mixture of the additional phytochemicals.
Each TERP Flavor comes in both an “up” and “down” formulation, which will either put a little pep in your step or help you unwind respectively.
Of course, for the purists in the cannabis industry, True Terpenes still carries their Precision Strain Profiles that precisely replicate the analytical testing data from cannabis flowers. True Terpenes also recently launched 10 new precision profiles: Jack Herer, Skywalker OG, Bubba Kush, King Louis XIII, God’s Gift, Agent Orange, Lemon Kush, Mendo Breath, Fire OG and Northern Lights.
Although True Terpenes has an extensive collection of flavors, we all have a unique palette and imagination. Why have the same blend as everyone else when you can make your own? To help you find your flavor, True Terpenes suggests blending two or three of their products together. Mix Grape Terp Flavor with their OG Kush Precision Profile to create Grape Kush. Feeling a bit more patriotic? Perhaps you’ll make your own American Dream out of Blue Dream and the Strawberry MCTxTerps Flavor. There are more than 400,000 flavor possibilities utilizing just True Terpenes products.
Whether you’re a cannabis processor, a hemp company, brewer, chef or just use flavors at home, it’s up to you to make something new.
TELL US, do you choose your cannabis based on terpenes?
In the past few years, legal cannabis has emerged as a booming global industry, despite the fact that it remains prohibited both by U.S. federal law and the UN Single Convention treaty from 1961. This is a growing contradiction on the world stage, and there is a sense that fundamental change is inevitable — despite deeply entrenched stigma and prohibitionist dogma.
Whether you want to know where to plan your next vacation or are sick of feeling behind on the constantly evolving regulations, we’ve got your back with an overview of the state of legal cannabis today.
What U.S. States Have Legal Adult-Use Cannabis?
Today, 11 states and Washington, D.C. have legal recreational cannabis: Colorado, Washington, Oregon, Alaska, California, Massachusetts, Maine, Nevada, Vermont, Michigan and Illinois.
However, four of these states have not yet set up their legal cannabis markets. In 2014, voters in the District of Columbia approved cannabis consumption, although implementation of the market has been bottlenecked by Congress, which controls the district’s budget. In January 2018, Vermont became the ninth state to legalize cannabis and the first to do so by legislation — but their law included no stipulations for setting up legal dispensaries. Michigan voted to legalize in November 2018, and has yet to open any adult-use stores. In May 2019, Illinois became the second state to legalize via legislation, and is similarly working to set up their legal market.
Do U.S. Territories Have Legal Cannabis?
The Northern Mariana Islands, a self-governing commonwealth in association with the United States, in September 2018 became first U.S. territory to legalize adult-use cannabis. It was also the second U.S. jurisdiction after Vermont to do so by legislation rather than by popular ballot. This April, the U.S. territory of Guam enacted a cannabis legalization measure that calls for the establishment of an adult-use industry on the island.
What U.S. States Have Medical Cannabis?
That’s a somewhat trickier question. California led the way with passage of Prop 215 in 1996. Since then, 32 more states have passed medical marijuana laws (of widely varying degrees of leniency) either by legislation or referendum: Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, Pennsylvania, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Rhode Island, Texas, Utah, Vermont and Washington. Guam, Puerto Rico and Washington, D.C. also have medical marijuana laws on the books.
But there are some ambiguities here, as some states have restrictive rules that make it functionally quite difficult for citizens to get medical cannabis. For example, the New York and Minnesota laws allow for medical use of extracts, but not herbaceous cannabis.
And then there are the so-called “CBD-only” laws. Utah in 2014 passed a law allowing medical use of cannabis extracts that contain the non-psychoactive cannabinoid CBD. Several other states have since followed in passing CBD-only laws, including Wisconsin, Wyoming and Virginia. Texas and Florida allow low-THC CBD-heavy strains of herbaceous cannabis, but bar actually smoking it, allowing only vaporization.
Only three states that have no medical marijuana provisions whatsoever: Idaho, Nebraska and South Dakota. However, there has been some progress. South Dakota in 2017 passed a provision legalizing CBD contingent on approval by the state health department and Nebraska in 2015 passed a law that allowed for a CBD pilot program under the auspices of the state university. By this reckoning, Idaho stands alone with no legal space for medical marijuana (very broadly defined) whatsoever. This is less significant since last year’s Farm Bill legalized hemp-derived CBD coast to coast.
Amid all the progress, there are still states where cannabis is harshly prohibited — such as Louisiana, where even the medical program has been bottlenecked by bureaucracy.
What U.S. States Are Moving Forward with Cannabis Legalization?
Quite a few. “Virtually every legislature in the country is taking a close look at its marijuana policies, and many have adopted significant reforms in 2019,” Karen O’Keefe, who directs state policy at the Marijuana Policy Project, recently told The Hill.
The MPP released a report in July on legislative progress for cannabis reform. A record 27 states have considered cannabis legalization bills this year. High hopes were dashed when statehouses failed to approve legalization bills in New York, Connecticut and New Mexico. New Mexico legislators did, however, vote to decriminalize cannabis. And in New York, lawmakers widened the state’s decrim law as a consolation prize to legalization advocates.
While there is much contestation about the details of what legalization would actually look like, in both New York and New Jersey, the governors are officially on board. In Pennsylvania, Gov. Tom Wolf has also just come out in favor of legalization.
What’s the Federal Status of Cannabis?
Cannabis remains a Schedule I substance under the 1970 Controlled Substances Act — the most restrictive category, absurdly shared with heroin. There are several pending measures in Congress to change that, and remove cannabis from the list of controlled substances.
On Sept. 25, the House passed the SAFE Banking Act, which would give cannabis businesses access to the federal banking system. The bill now moves on to the Senate. In July, the House Judiciary Committee held hearings on cannabis policy that advocates hailed as “historic,” with numerous Congress members openly embracing legalization.
What’s the Federal Status of Hemp and CBD?
Hemp (defined as cannabis with less than 0.3% THC) and hemp-derived CBD were officially legalized by passage of the 2018 Farm Bill last December, but legal ambiguities persist. Most significantly, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has still failed to promulgate regulations for use of CBD as an additive or ingredient. This means that any products adding in CBD are technically illegal in the eyes of the federal government, though it seems uninterested in enforcing this distinction.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture has similarly failed to bring its regulations into conformity with the new federal law — leading to litigation by would-be Native American producers, who depend directly on USDA approval thanks to their unique jurisdictional status. The USDA is now promising the regulations will issued this fall, in time for next year’s planting season.
What Countries Are Moving Toward Cannabis Legalization?
Only two countries on Earth have formally legalized cannabis — Uruguay in 2013 and Canada in 2018. (Here too, there is some contestation: two Canadian provinces have banned homegrown cannabis, recently a matter of litigation.)
Pressure to legalize cannabis is fast mounting in several countries around the world.
Last October, the same month that legalization took effect in Canada, Mexico’s Supreme Court issued a binding decision that cannabis prohibition is unconstitutional, and ordered the country’s congress to amend the law. Mexican lawmakers in September introduced a legalization bill.
New Zealand has also pledged a referendum on legalization, to be held next year.
The recent fall of the conservative government in Italy has raised hopes that it could be the first European country to formally legalize. Bills to legalize were introduced in Portugal this year, but saw little progress. The Netherlands, contrary to widespread misconception, has not legalized cannabis, and its permissive decrim policy has recently sparked a backlash from conservatives.
South Africa decriminalized cannabis last year, and neighboring Lesotho now has a booming cannabis economy under what some have termed a policy of de facto legalization.
TELL US, when do you think cannabis will be federally legal?
The post The State of Cannabis Today: Where Weed Is Legal Around the World appeared first on Cannabis Now.